InVivoSIM anti-human PD-1 (Nivolumab Biosimilar)

Catalog #SIM0003
Product Citations:
4
Clone:
Nivolumab
Reactivities:
Human

$224.00 - $7,752.00

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Product Details

This non-therapeutic biosimilar antibody uses the same variable regions from the therapeutic antibody Nivolumab making it ideal for research use. This Nivolumab biosimilar reacts with human PD-1 (programmed death-1) also known as CD279. PD-1 is a 50-55 kDa cell surface receptor encoded by the Pdcd1 gene that belongs to the CD28 family of the Ig superfamily. PD-1 is transiently expressed on CD4 and CD8 thymocytes as well as activated T and B lymphocytes and myeloid cells. PD-1 expression declines after successful elimination of antigen. Additionally, Pdcd1 mRNA is expressed in developing B lymphocytes during the pro-B-cell stage. PD-1’s structure includes a ITIM (immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif) suggesting that PD-1 negatively regulates TCR signals. PD-1 signals via binding its two ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2 both members of the B7 family. Upon ligand binding, PD-1 signaling inhibits T-cell activation, leading to reduced proliferation, cytokine production, and T-cell death. Additionally, PD-1 is known to play key roles in peripheral tolerance and prevention of autoimmune disease. Induced PD-L1 expression is common in many tumors including squamous cell carcinoma, colon adenocarcinoma, and breast adenocarcinoma. PD-L1 overexpression results in increased resistance of tumor cells to CD8 T cell mediated lysis. PD-L1 overexpression results in increased resistance of tumor cells to CD8 T cell mediated lysis. In experimental models of melanoma, tumor growth can be transiently arrested via treatment with antibodies which block the interaction between PD-L1 and its receptor PD-1. For these reasons anti-PD-1 mediated immunotherapies are currently being used as cancer treatments. Nivolumab binds to PD-1 on activated immune cells to selectively block the interaction of PD-1 with its ligands.

Specifications

Isotype Human IgG4
Recommended Isotype Control(s) RecombiMAb human IgG4 (S228P) isotype control, anti-hen egg lysozyme
Recommended Dilution Buffer InVivoPure pH 7.0 Dilution Buffer
Conjugation This product is unconjugated. Conjugation is available via our Antibody Conjugation Services.
Immunogen Human PD-1
Reported Applications in vitro PD-1 neutralization
in vivo PD-1 blockade in humanized mice
Flow Cytometry
Immunohistochemistry
Western Blot
Formulation PBS, pH 7.0
Contains no stabilizers or preservatives
Endotoxin <1EU/mg (<0.001EU/μg)
Determined by LAL gel clotting assay
Aggregation <5%
Determined by SEC
Purity >95%
Determined by SDS-PAGE
Sterility 0.2 µm filtration
Production Purified from cell culture supernatant in an animal-free facility
Purification Protein A
RRID AB_2894724
Molecular Weight 150 kDa
Murine Pathogen Tests Ectromelia/Mousepox Virus: Negative
Hantavirus: Negative
K Virus: Negative
Lactate Dehydrogenase-Elevating Virus: Negative
Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis virus: Negative
Mouse Adenovirus: Negative
Mouse Cytomegalovirus: Negative
Mouse Hepatitis Virus: Negative
Mouse Minute Virus: Negative
Mouse Norovirus: Negative
Mouse Parvovirus: Negative
Mouse Rotavirus: Negative
Mycoplasma Pulmonis: Negative
Pneumonia Virus of Mice: Negative
Polyoma Virus: Negative
Reovirus Screen: Negative
Sendai Virus: Negative
Theiler’s Murine Encephalomyelitis: Negative
Storage The antibody solution should be stored at the stock concentration at 4°C. Do not freeze.
in vivo PD-1 blockade in humanized mice
Ruggiu M, Guérin MV, Corre B, Bardou M, Alonso R, Russo E, Garcia Z, Feldmann L, Lemaître F, Dusseaux M, Grandjean CL, Bousso P. (2024). "Anti-PD-1 therapy triggers Tfh cell-dependent IL-4 release to boost CD8 T cell responses in tumor-draining lymph nodes" J Exp Med 221(4):e20232104. PubMed

Anti-PD-1 therapy targets intratumoral CD8+ T cells to promote clinical responses in cancer patients. Recent evidence suggests an additional activity in the periphery, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Here, we show that anti-PD-1 mAb enhances CD8+ T cell responses in tumor-draining lymph nodes by stimulating cytokine production in follicular helper T cells (Tfh). In two different models, anti-PD-1 mAb increased the activation and proliferation of tumor-specific T cells in lymph nodes. Surprisingly, anti-PD-1 mAb did not primarily target CD8+ T cells but instead stimulated IL-4 production by Tfh cells, the major population bound by anti-PD-1 mAb. Blocking IL-4 or inhibiting the Tfh master transcription factor BCL6 abrogated anti-PD-1 mAb activity in lymph nodes while injection of IL-4 complexes was sufficient to recapitulate anti-PD-1 mAb activity. A similar mechanism was observed in a vaccine model. Finally, nivolumab also boosted human Tfh cells in humanized mice. We propose that Tfh cells and IL-4 play a key role in the peripheral activity of anti-PD-1 mAb.

in vitro PD-1 neutralization
Lam W, Hu R, Liu SH, Cheng P, Cheng YC. (2023). "YIV-906 enhances nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) activity of T cells and promotes immune checkpoint blockade antibody action and CAR T-cell activity" Front Pharmacol . PubMed

YIV-906 is a systems biology botanical cancer drug, inspired by a traditional Chinese herbal formulation. Results from eight Phase I/II to II clinical studies demonstrated the potential of YIV-906 to prolong survival and improve the quality of life of cancer patients. As an immunomodulator in the tumor microenvironment, YIV-906 can turn cold tumors hot and potentiate anti-tumor activity for different classes of anticancer agents; and as a cytoprotector in the GI, YIV-906 can reduce non-hematological side effects and speed up damaged tissue recovery. YIV-906 enhanced anti-PD1 action against hepatoma in mice by stimulating both innate and adaptive immunity. In a Jurkat cell-staphylococcal superantigen E (SEE)-Raji cell culture model, YIV-906 promoted T cell activation with upregulation of CD69 by enhancing NFAT activity, with or without PD1-PD-L1 interaction. YIV-906 could trigger the phosphorylation of TCR downstream signaling cascades without the involvement of TCR. YIV-906 could inhibit SHP1 and SHP2 activities, which dephosphorylates TCR downstream proteins due to the PD1-PD-L1 interaction. Therefore, YIV-906 could enhance anti-PD1 action to rescue the depressed NFAT activity of Jurkat cells due to the PD1-PD-L1 interaction. In addition, YIV-906 enhanced the NFAT activity and killing capability of Jurkat cells expressing chimeric antigen receptor (CAR-CD19-CD3z) toward CD19 expressing cells, such as Raji cells, with or without PD1-PD-L1 overexpression. Ingredient herb S (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi) of YIV-906 and some S compounds were found to play key roles in these activities. In conclusion, YIV-906 modulates adaptive immunity by activating T effector cells mainly through its action on SHP1/2. YIV-906 could also facilitate immune checkpoint blockade therapy or CAR-T cell therapy for cancer treatment.

in vivo PD-1 blockade in humanized mice
Das S, Valton J, Duchateau P, Poirot L. (2023). "Stromal depletion by TALEN-edited universal hypoimmunogenic FAP-CAR T cells enables infiltration and anti-tumor cytotoxicity of tumor antigen-targeted CAR-T immunotherapy" Front Immunol . PubMed

Adoptive cell therapy based on chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-engineered T-cells has proven to be lifesaving for many cancer patients. However, its therapeutic efficacy has so far been restricted to only a few malignancies, with solid tumors proving to be especially recalcitrant to efficient therapy. Poor intra-tumor infiltration by T cells and T cell dysfunction due to a desmoplastic, immunosuppressive microenvironment are key barriers for CAR T-cell success against solid tumors. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are critical components of the tumor stroma, evolving specifically within the tumor microenvironment (TME) in response to tumor cell cues. The CAF secretome is a significant contributor to the extracellular matrix and a plethora of cytokines and growth factors that induce immune suppression. Together they form a physical and chemical barrier which induces a T cell-excluding 'cold' TME. CAF depletion in stroma rich solid tumors can thus provide an opportunity to convert immune evasive tumors susceptible to tumor-antigen CAR T-cell cytotoxicity. Using our TALEN-based gene editing platform we engineered non-alloreactive, immune evasive CAR T-cells (termed UCAR T-cells) targeting the unique CAF marker Fibroblast Activation Protein, alpha (FAP). In an orthotopic mouse model of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) composed of patient derived-CAFs and tumor cells, we demonstrate the efficacy of our engineered FAP UCAR T-cells in CAF depletion, reduction of desmoplasia and successful tumor infiltration. Furthermore, while previously resistant, pre-treatment with FAP UCAR T-cells now sensitized these tumors to Mesothelin (Meso) UCAR T-cell infiltration and anti-tumor cytotoxicity. Combination therapy of FAP UCAR, Meso UCAR T cells and the checkpoint inhibitor anti-PD-1 significantly reduced tumor burden and prolonged mice survival. Our study thus proposes a novel treatment paradigm for successful CAR T-cell immunotherapy against stroma-rich solid tumors.

    • Cancer Research
    • ,
    • Immunology and Microbiology
    Stromal depletion by TALEN-edited universal hypoimmunogenic FAP-CAR T cells enables infiltration and anti-tumor cytotoxicity of tumor antigen-targeted CAR-T immunotherapy.

    In Frontiers in Immunology on 30 May 2023 by Das, S., Valton, J., et al.

    PubMed

    Adoptive cell therapy based on chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-engineered T-cells has proven to be lifesaving for many cancer patients. However, its therapeutic efficacy has so far been restricted to only a few malignancies, with solid tumors proving to be especially recalcitrant to efficient therapy. Poor intra-tumor infiltration by T cells and T cell dysfunction due to a desmoplastic, immunosuppressive microenvironment are key barriers for CAR T-cell success against solid tumors. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are critical components of the tumor stroma, evolving specifically within the tumor microenvironment (TME) in response to tumor cell cues. The CAF secretome is a significant contributor to the extracellular matrix and a plethora of cytokines and growth factors that induce immune suppression. Together they form a physical and chemical barrier which induces a T cell-excluding 'cold' TME. CAF depletion in stroma rich solid tumors can thus provide an opportunity to convert immune evasive tumors susceptible to tumor-antigen CAR T-cell cytotoxicity. Using our TALEN-based gene editing platform we engineered non-alloreactive, immune evasive CAR T-cells (termed UCAR T-cells) targeting the unique CAF marker Fibroblast Activation Protein, alpha (FAP). In an orthotopic mouse model of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) composed of patient derived-CAFs and tumor cells, we demonstrate the efficacy of our engineered FAP UCAR T-cells in CAF depletion, reduction of desmoplasia and successful tumor infiltration. Furthermore, while previously resistant, pre-treatment with FAP UCAR T-cells now sensitized these tumors to Mesothelin (Meso) UCAR T-cell infiltration and anti-tumor cytotoxicity. Combination therapy of FAP UCAR, Meso UCAR T cells and the checkpoint inhibitor anti-PD-1 significantly reduced tumor burden and prolonged mice survival. Our study thus proposes a novel treatment paradigm for successful CAR T-cell immunotherapy against stroma-rich solid tumors. Copyright © 2023 Das, Valton, Duchateau and Poirot.

    • Homo sapiens (Human)
    • ,
    • Cancer Research
    • ,
    • Immunology and Microbiology
    Stromal depletion by TALEN-edited universal hypoimmunogenic FAP-CAR T cells enables infiltration and anti-tumor cytotoxicity of tumor antigen-targeted CAR-T immunotherapy

    Preprint on BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology on 27 February 2023 by Das, S., Valton, J., et al.

    PubMed

    Adoptive cell therapy based on chimeric antigen receptor-engineered T (CAR-T) cells has proven to be lifesaving for many cancer patients. However, its therapeutic efficacy has so far been restricted to only a few malignancies, with solid tumors proving to be especially recalcitrant to efficient therapy. Poor intra-tumor infiltration by T cells and T cell dysfunction due to a desmoplastic, immunosuppressive microenvironment are key barriers for CAR T-cell success against solid tumors. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are critical components of the tumor stroma, evolving specifically within the tumor microenvironment in response to tumor cell cues. The CAF secretome is a significant contributor to the extracellular matrix and a plethora of cytokines and growth factors that induce immune suppression. Together they form a physical and chemical barrier which induces a T cell-excluding ‘cold’ TME. CAF depletion in stroma rich solid tumors can thus provide an opportunity to convert immune evasive tumors susceptible to tumor-antigen CAR T-cell cytotoxicity. Using our TALEN-based gene editing platform we engineered non-alloreactive, immune evasive CAR T-cells (termed UCAR T-cells) targeting the unique CAF marker Fibroblast Activation Protein, alpha (FAP). In an orthotopic mouse model of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) composed of patient derived-CAFs and tumor cells, we demonstrate the efficacy of our engineered FAP UCAR T-cells in CAF depletion, reduction of desmoplasia and successful tumor infiltration. Furthermore, while previously resistant, pre-treatment with FAP UCAR T-cells now sensitized these tumors to Mesothelin (Meso) UCAR T-cell infiltration and anti-tumor cytotoxicity. Combination therapy of FAP UCAR, Meso UCAR T cells and the checkpoint inhibitor anti-PD-1 significantly reduced tumor burden and prolonged mice survival. Our study thus proposes a novel treatment paradigm for successful CAR-T immunotherapy against stroma-rich solid tumors.

    • Immunology and Microbiology
    • ,
    • Pharmacology
    YIV-906 enhances nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) activity of T cells and promotes immune checkpoint blockade antibody action and CAR T-cell activity.

    In Frontiers in Pharmacology on 24 January 2023 by Lam, W., Hu, R., et al.

    PubMed

    YIV-906 is a systems biology botanical cancer drug, inspired by a traditional Chinese herbal formulation. Results from eight Phase I/II to II clinical studies demonstrated the potential of YIV-906 to prolong survival and improve the quality of life of cancer patients. As an immunomodulator in the tumor microenvironment, YIV-906 can turn cold tumors hot and potentiate anti-tumor activity for different classes of anticancer agents; and as a cytoprotector in the GI, YIV-906 can reduce non-hematological side effects and speed up damaged tissue recovery. YIV-906 enhanced anti-PD1 action against hepatoma in mice by stimulating both innate and adaptive immunity. In a Jurkat cell-staphylococcal superantigen E (SEE)-Raji cell culture model, YIV-906 promoted T cell activation with upregulation of CD69 by enhancing NFAT activity, with or without PD1-PD-L1 interaction. YIV-906 could trigger the phosphorylation of TCR downstream signaling cascades without the involvement of TCR. YIV-906 could inhibit SHP1 and SHP2 activities, which dephosphorylates TCR downstream proteins due to the PD1-PD-L1 interaction. Therefore, YIV-906 could enhance anti-PD1 action to rescue the depressed NFAT activity of Jurkat cells due to the PD1-PD-L1 interaction. In addition, YIV-906 enhanced the NFAT activity and killing capability of Jurkat cells expressing chimeric antigen receptor (CAR-CD19-CD3z) toward CD19 expressing cells, such as Raji cells, with or without PD1-PD-L1 overexpression. Ingredient herb S (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi) of YIV-906 and some S compounds were found to play key roles in these activities. In conclusion, YIV-906 modulates adaptive immunity by activating T effector cells mainly through its action on SHP1/2. YIV-906 could also facilitate immune checkpoint blockade therapy or CAR-T cell therapy for cancer treatment. Copyright © 2023 Lam, Hu, Liu, Cheng and Cheng.

    • Cancer Research
    • ,
    • Immunology and Microbiology
    Inhibiting Notch1 enhances immunotherapy efficacy in melanoma by preventing Notch1 dependent immune suppressive properties.

    In Cancer Letters on 10 October 2018 by Qiu, H., Zmina, P. M., et al.

    PubMed

    We have previously shown that Notch1 plays a critical role in modulating melanoma tumor cell growth and survival. Here we show that Notch1 also contributes to an immune-suppressive tumor microenvironment (TME). Notch1 inhibition reduces immune suppressive cells (i.e. MDSCs and Tregs) while allowing the recruitment of functional CD8(+) T cells, leading to a decrease in the Tregs/CD8(+) ratio, a key parameter in assessing positive responses to immune-checkpoint inhibitors. Inhibition of Notch1 improves the antitumor activity of nivolumab and ipilimumab, particularly when given in combination. Mechanistically, tumor-associated Notch1 regulates the expression of several chemokines involved in MDSCs and Tregs recruitment. Among them, CCL5, IL6 and IL8, or MIP2 in mouse, were consistently reduced by Notch1 depletion in several human and mouse melanoma cell lines. Notch1 controls the transcription of IL8 and IL6; and the secretion of CCL5 likely by inhibiting the expression of SNAP23, a member of the SNAREs family of proteins involved in cell exocytosis. Inhibition of SNAP23 decreases CCL5 secretion similarly to Notch1 inhibition. Hence, targeting Notch1 would affect both melanoma intrinsic growth/survival properties, and provide an immune-responsive TME, thus improving immune therapy efficacy. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.