InVivoSIM anti-human PD-L1 (Atezolizumab Biosimilar)

Catalog #SIM0009
Clone:
Atezolizumab
Reactivities:
Human

$217.00 - $7,526.00

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  • 100 mg - $7,526.00
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Product Details

This non-therapeutic biosimilar antibody uses the same variable regions from the therapeutic antibody Atezolizumab making it ideal for research use. This Atezolizumab biosimilar reacts with human PD-L1 (programmed death ligand 1) also known as B7-H1 or CD274. PD-L1 is a 40 kDa type I transmembrane protein that belongs to the B7 family of the Ig superfamily. PD-L1 is expressed on T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, NK cells, dendritic cells, as well as IFNγ stimulated monocytes, epithelial cells and endothelial cells. PD-L1 binds to its receptor, PD-1, found on CD4 and CD8 thymocytes as well as activated T and B lymphocytes and myeloid cells. Engagement of PD-L1 with PD-1 leads to inhibition of TCR-mediated T cell proliferation and cytokine production. PD-L1 is thought to play an important role in tumor immune evasion. Induced PD-L1 expression is common in many tumors and results in increased resistance of tumor cells to CD8 T cell mediated lysis. Atezolizumab blocks the interaction of PD-L1 with PD-1 and CD80.

Specifications

Isotype Human IgG1
Recommended Isotype Control(s) RecombiMAb human IgG1 isotype control, anti-hen egg lysozyme
Recommended Dilution Buffer InVivoPure pH 7.0 Dilution Buffer
Immunogen Not available or unknown
Reported Applications Flow Cytometry
Western Blot
Formulation PBS, pH 7.0
Contains no stabilizers or preservatives
Endotoxin <1EU/mg (<0.001EU/μg)
Determined by LAL gel clotting assay
Aggregation <5%
Determined by SEC
Purity >95%
Determined by SDS-PAGE
Sterility 0.2 µm filtration
Production Purified from cell culture supernatant
Purification Protein A
RRID AB_2894730
Molecular Weight 150 kDa
Murine Pathogen Tests Ectromelia/Mousepox Virus: Negative
Hantavirus: Negative
K Virus: Negative
Lactate Dehydrogenase-Elevating Virus: Negative
Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis virus: Negative
Mouse Adenovirus: Negative
Mouse Cytomegalovirus: Negative
Mouse Hepatitis Virus: Negative
Mouse Minute Virus: Negative
Mouse Norovirus: Negative
Mouse Parvovirus: Negative
Mouse Rotavirus: Negative
Mycoplasma Pulmonis: Negative
Pneumonia Virus of Mice: Negative
Polyoma Virus: Negative
Reovirus Screen: Negative
Sendai Virus: Negative
Theiler’s Murine Encephalomyelitis: Negative
Storage The antibody solution should be stored at the stock concentration at 4°C. Do not freeze.
in vitro PD-L1 blockade
Sun R, Meng Z, Lee H, Offringa R, Niehrs C. (2023). "ROTACs leverage signaling-incompetent R-spondin for targeted protein degradation" Cell Chem Biol 30(7):739-752.e8. PubMed

Proteolysis-targeting chimeras (PROTACs) are an emerging technology for therapeutic intervention, but options to target cell surface proteins and receptors remain limited. Here we introduce ROTACs, bispecific WNT- and BMP-signaling-disabled R-spondin (RSPO) chimeras, which leverage the specificity of these stem cell growth factors for ZNRF3/RNF43 E3 transmembrane ligases, to target degradation of transmembrane proteins. As a proof-of-concept, we targeted the immune checkpoint protein, programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1), a prominent cancer therapeutic target, with a bispecific RSPO2 chimera, R2PD1. The R2PD1 chimeric protein binds to PD-L1 and at picomolar concentration induces its lysosomal degradation. In three melanoma cell lines, R2PD1 induced between 50 and 90% PD-L1 protein degradation. PD-L1 degradation was strictly dependent on ZNRF3/RNF43. Moreover, R2PD1 reactivates cytotoxic T cells and inhibits tumor cell proliferation more potently than Atezolizumab. We suggest that signaling-disabled ROTACs represent a paradigm to target cell surface proteins for degradation in a range of applications.

in vitro PD-L1 blockade
Zhao Y, Caron C, Chan YY, Lee CK, Xu X, Zhang J, Masubuchi T, Wu C, Bui JD, Hui E. (2023). "cis-B7:CD28 interactions at invaginated synaptic membranes provide CD28 co-stimulation and promote CD8+ T cell function and anti-tumor immunity" Immunity 56(6):1187-1203.e12. PubMed

B7 ligands (CD80 and CD86), expressed by professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs), activate the main co-stimulatory receptor CD28 on T cells in trans. However, in peripheral tissues, APCs expressing B7 ligands are relatively scarce. This raises the questions of whether and how CD28 co-stimulation occurs in peripheral tissues. Here, we report that CD8+ T cells displayed B7 ligands that interacted with CD28 in cis at membrane invaginations of the immunological synapse as a result of membrane remodeling driven by phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) and sorting-nexin-9 (SNX9). cis-B7:CD28 interactions triggered CD28 signaling through protein kinase C theta (PKCθ) and promoted CD8+ T cell survival, migration, and cytokine production. In mouse tumor models, loss of T cell-intrinsic cis-B7:CD28 interactions decreased intratumoral T cells and accelerated tumor growth. Thus, B7 ligands on CD8+ T cells can evoke cell-autonomous CD28 co-stimulation in cis in peripheral tissues, suggesting cis-signaling as a general mechanism for boosting T cell functionality.