InVivoMAb anti-mouse CD54 (ICAM-1)

Catalog #BE0020-1
Product Citations:
9
Clone:
YN1/1.7.4
Reactivities:
Mouse

$164.00 - $4,280.00

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Product Details

The YN1/1.7.4 monoclonal antibody reacts with mouse CD54 also known as Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (ICAM-1). CD54 is a 90 kDa single-chain transmembrane glycoprotein and a member of the Ig superfamily. CD54 is typically expressed on non-hematopoietic cells such as endothelial cells, thymic epithelial cells, and fibroblasts but can also be expressed on macrophages, T-lymphoblasts, germinal center B cells and dendritic cells. CD54 is a ligand for LFA-1, a receptor found on leukocytes. When activated, leukocytes bind to endothelial cells via CD54/LFA-1 to facilitate transmigration into tissues. Pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1, TNF and IFNγ induce CD54 expression on endothelial cells and fibroblasts. The YN1/1.7.4 antibody has been shown to neutralize CD54 in vivo and inhibit CXCL1, IFNγ, and IL-17 production and neutrophil infiltration into inflammatory lesions.

Specifications

Isotype Rat IgG2b, κ
Recommended Isotype Control(s) InVivoMAb rat IgG2b isotype control, anti-keyhole limpet hemocyanin
Recommended Dilution Buffer InVivoPure pH 7.0 Dilution Buffer
Conjugation This product is unconjugated. Conjugation is available via our Antibody Conjugation Services.
Immunogen NS-1 mouse myeloma cells
Reported Applications in vivo ICAM-1 neutralization
Immunohistochemistry (frozen)
ELISA
Formulation PBS, pH 7.0
Contains no stabilizers or preservatives
Endotoxin <2EU/mg (<0.002EU/μg)
Determined by LAL gel clotting assay
Purity >95%
Determined by SDS-PAGE
Sterility 0.2 µm filtration
Production Purified from cell culture supernatant in an animal-free facility
Purification Protein G
RRID AB_1107661
Molecular Weight 150 kDa
Storage The antibody solution should be stored at the stock concentration at 4°C. Do not freeze.
Becher, B., et al. (2014). "High-dimensional analysis of the murine myeloid cell system" Nat Immunol 15(12): 1181-1189. PubMed

Advances in cell-fate mapping have revealed the complexity in phenotype, ontogeny and tissue distribution of the mammalian myeloid system. To capture this phenotypic diversity, we developed a 38-antibody panel for mass cytometry and used dimensionality reduction with machine learning-aided cluster analysis to build a composite of murine (mouse) myeloid cells in the steady state across lymphoid and nonlymphoid tissues. In addition to identifying all previously described myeloid populations, higher-order analysis allowed objective delineation of otherwise ambiguous subsets, including monocyte-macrophage intermediates and an array of granulocyte variants. Using mice that cannot sense granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor GM-CSF (Csf2rb(-/-)), which have discrete alterations in myeloid development, we confirmed differences in barrier tissue dendritic cells, lung macrophages and eosinophils. The methodology further identified variations in the monocyte and innate lymphoid cell compartment that were unexpected, which confirmed that this approach is a powerful tool for unambiguous and unbiased characterization of the myeloid system.

In vivo ICAM-1 neutralization
Kish, D. D., et al. (2011). "Hapten application to the skin induces an inflammatory program directing hapten-primed effector CD8 T cell interaction with hapten-presenting endothelial cells" J Immunol 186(4): 2117-2126. PubMed

Contact hypersensitivity is a CD8 T cell-mediated response to hapten sensitization and challenge of the skin. Effector CD8 T cell recruitment into the skin parenchyma to elicit the response to hapten challenge requires prior CXCL1/KC-directed neutrophil infiltration within 3-6 h after challenge and is dependent on IFN-gamma and IL-17 produced by the hapten-primed CD8 T cells. Mechanisms directing hapten-primed CD8 T cell localization and activation in the Ag challenge site to induce this early CXCL1 production in response to 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene were investigated. Both TNF-alpha and IL-17, but not IFN-gamma, mRNA was detectable within 1 h of hapten challenge of sensitized mice and increased thereafter. Expression of ICAM-1 was observed by 1 h after challenge of sensitized and nonsensitized mice and was dependent on TNF-alpha. The induction of IL-17, IFN-gamma, and CXCL1 in the challenge site was not observed when ICAM-1 was absent or neutralized by specific Ab. During the elicitation of the contact hypersensitivity response, endothelial cells expressed ICAM-1 and produced CXCL1 suggesting this as the site of CD8 T cell localization and activation. Endothelial cells isolated from challenged skin of naive and sensitized mice had acquired the hapten and the ability to activate hapten-primed CD8 T cell cytokine production. These results indicate that hapten application to the skin of sensitized animals initiates an inflammatory response promoting hapten-primed CD8 T cell localization to the challenge site through TNF-alpha-induced ICAM-1 expression and CD8 T cell activation to produce IFN-gamma and IL-17 through endothelial cell presentation of hapten.

In vivo ICAM-1 neutralization
Thomas, S. Y., et al. (2011). "PLZF induces an intravascular surveillance program mediated by long-lived LFA-1-ICAM-1 interactions" J Exp Med 208(6): 1179-1188. PubMed

Innate-like NKT cells conspicuously accumulate within the liver microvasculature of healthy mice, crawling on the luminal side of endothelial cells, but their general recirculation pattern and the mechanism of their intravascular behavior have not been elucidated. Using parabiotic mice, we demonstrated that, despite their intravascular location, most liver NKT cells failed to recirculate. Antibody blocking experiments established that they were retained locally through constitutive LFA-1-intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) 1 interactions. This unprecedented lifelong intravascular residence could be induced in conventional CD4 T cells by the sole expression of promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger (PLZF), a transcription factor specifically expressed in the NKT lineage. These findings reveal the unique genetic and biochemical pathway that underlies the innate intravascular surveillance program of NKT cells.

In vivo ICAM-1 neutralization
Ding, C., et al. (2009). "Plasmacytoid dendritic cells regulate autoreactive B cell activation via soluble factors and in a cell-to-cell contact manner" J Immunol 183(11): 7140-7149. PubMed

Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are specialized type I IFN producers, which play an important role in pathogenesis of autoimmune disorders. Dysregulated autoreactive B cell activation is a hallmark in most autoimmune diseases. This study was undertaken to investigate interactions between pDCs and autoreactive B cells. After coculture of autoreactive B cells that recognize self-Ag small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles with activated pDCs, we found that pDCs significantly enhance autoreactive B cell proliferation, autoantibody production, and survival in response to TLR and BCR stimulation. Neutralization of IFN-alpha/beta and IL-6 abrogated partially pDC-mediated enhancement of autoreactive B cell activation. Transwell studies demonstrated that pDCs could provide activation signals to autoreactive B cells via a cell-to-cell contact manner. The involvement of the ICAM-1-LFA-1 pathway was revealed as contributing to this effect. This in vitro enhancement effect was further demonstrated by an in vivo B cell adoptive transfer experiment, which showed that autoreactive B cell proliferation and activation were significantly decreased in MyD88-deficient mice compared with wild-type mice. These data suggest the dynamic interplay between pDCs and B cells is required for full activation of autoreactive B cells upon TLR or BCR stimulation.

ELISA
van Den Engel, N. K., et al. (2000). "Circulating forms of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 in mice lacking membranous ICAM-1" Blood 95(4): 1350-1355. PubMed

Mice deficient in intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), lacking membranous ICAM-1, show a normal development but abnormalities of inflammatory and immune functions. Although the membrane-bound form of ICAM-1 is not detectable in the mutant strain, circulating ICAM-1 (cICAM) is present in serum from ICAM-1-deficient mice in similar amounts as in serum from wild-type mice. These findings were confirmed in vitro by flow cytometric analysis of lipopolysaccharide-stimulated spleen cells, and cICAM-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis of supernatants of cultured spleen cells. To analyze for the source of cICAM-1, spleen cell RNA was isolated and ICAM-1 RNA was amplified by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction using primers binding in the 5′ and 3′ untranslated regions. Different fragments were cloned and sequenced. In wild-type RNA the common 5 domain form of ICAM-1 was identified. In RNA from ICAM-1 mutant mice only 3 smaller fragments were found. Sequencing these fragments identified 3 alternatively spliced isoforms of ICAM-1, lacking 2 or 3 extracellular domains. However, in all spliced fragments the transmembrane domain was included. Therefore, we postulate that circulating forms of ICAM-1 are generated by proteolytic cleavage of membranous ICAM-1. The data indicate that the expression of membranous ICAM-1 and the appearance of circulating forms in serum are independently regulated mechanisms.

Immunohistochemistry (frozen)
Cheng, Q. L., et al. (2000). "Effects of ICAM-1 antisense oligonucleotide on the tubulointerstitium in mice with unilateral ureteral obstruction" Kidney Int 57(1): 183-190. PubMed

Effects of ICAM-1 antisense oligonucleotide on the renal tubulointerstitium in mice with unilateral ureteral obstruction. BACKGROUND: To extend our previous study of the therapy of the renal lesions of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in mice by an inhibitor of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), we investigated the blocking effects of ICAM-1 antisense oligonucleotides (ASONs) on the ICAM-1 expression in mouse kidney. METHODS: First, ICAM-1 ASON was transducted into mouse renal tubular epithelial cells to investigate the effects of ICAM-1 ASON in vitro. Second, fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled ICAM-1 ASON was injected intravenously to determine the distribution of the ASON in vivo. Third, the expression of ICAM-1 in kidney and the changes of renal morphology were observed to investigate the therapeutic effects of ICAM-1 ASON on the UUO mice in vivo. RESULTS: The expressions of ICAM-1 in the epithelial cells induced by interleukin-1beta were inhibited by ICAM-1 ASON at the dosages of 100 and 200 nmol/L. Twenty-four hours after an introvenous injection with FITC-labeled ICAM-1 ASON, the highest level of fluorescein was detected within the proximal tubules in mouse kidney. Results of immunohistology and Northern blot showed that the ICAM-1 expression was markedly reduced in the obstructed kidney after treatment with ICAM-1 ASON. The ASON also alleviated the infiltration of inflammatory cells and accumulation of the extracellular matrix in the tubulointerstitium of UUO mice without apparent side effects. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate that ICAM-1 ASON is taken up primarily by the proximal tubular cells of mouse kidney. ICAM-1 ASON can selectively inhibit the ICAM-1 expression of the renal tubular cells both in vitro and in vivo.

    • Mus musculus (House mouse)
    • ,
    A LTB4/CD11b self-amplifying loop drives pyogranuloma formation in chronic granulomatous disease.

    In IScience on 19 April 2024 by Haist, K. C., Gibbings, S. L., et al.

    PubMed

    Sterile pyogranulomas and heightened cytokine production are hyperinflammatory hallmarks of Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD). Using peritoneal cells of zymosan-treated CGD (gp91phox-/-) versus wild-type (WT) mice, an ex vivo system of pyogranuloma formation was developed to determine factors involved in and consequences of recruitment of neutrophils and monocyte-derived macrophages (MoMacs). Whereas WT cells failed to aggregate, CGD cells formed aggregates containing neutrophils initially, and MoMacs recruited secondarily. LTB4 was key, as antagonizing BLT1 blocked neutrophil aggregation, but acted only indirectly on MoMac recruitment. LTB4 upregulated CD11b expression on CGD neutrophils, and the absence/blockade of CD11b inhibited LTB4 production and cell aggregation. Neutrophil-dependent MoMac recruitment was independent of MoMac Nox2 status, BLT1, CCR1, CCR2, CCR5, CXCR2, and CXCR6. As proof of concept, CD11b-deficient CGD mice developed disrupted pyogranulomas with poorly organized neutrophils and diminished recruitment of MoMacs. Importantly, the disruption of cell aggregation and pyogranuloma formation markedly reduced proinflammatory cytokine production. © 2024 The Author(s).

    • Immunology and Microbiology
    Multitier mechanics control stromal adaptations in the swelling lymph node.

    In Nature Immunology on 1 August 2022 by Assen, F. P., Abe, J., et al.

    PubMed

    Lymph nodes (LNs) comprise two main structural elements: fibroblastic reticular cells that form dedicated niches for immune cell interaction and capsular fibroblasts that build a shell around the organ. Immunological challenge causes LNs to increase more than tenfold in size within a few days. Here, we characterized the biomechanics of LN swelling on the cellular and organ scale. We identified lymphocyte trapping by influx and proliferation as drivers of an outward pressure force, causing fibroblastic reticular cells of the T-zone (TRCs) and their associated conduits to stretch. After an initial phase of relaxation, TRCs sensed the resulting strain through cell matrix adhesions, which coordinated local growth and remodeling of the stromal network. While the expanded TRC network readopted its typical configuration, a massive fibrotic reaction of the organ capsule set in and countered further organ expansion. Thus, different fibroblast populations mechanically control LN swelling in a multitier fashion. © 2022. The Author(s).

    Neddylation inhibition protects against ischemic brain injury

    Preprint on Research Square on 11 March 2021 by Yu, H., Luo, H., et al.

    PubMed

    Neddylation is a ubiquitylation-like pathway that is critical in various cellular functions by conjugating NEDD8 to target proteins. However, the roles of neddylation in stroke, remain elusive. Here, we report that NEDD8 conjugation increased after ischemic stroke and was abundantly present in neutrophils, whereas cullin-1, a key substrate of neddylation, was upregulated in endothelium. Inhibition of neddylation by MLN4924, inactivated cullin-RING E3 ligase (CRL), reduced brain infarction and improved functional outcomes. MLN4924 treatment induced accumulation of the CRL substrate NF1. Knockdown of NF1 abolished MLN4924-dependent inhibition of neutrophil trafficking. These effects were mediated through activation of endothelial P-selectin and ICAM-1. Moreover, NF1 silencing blocked MLN4924-afforded BBB protection and neuroprotection through activation of PKCδ, MARCKS and MLC in cerebral microvessels. Our results demonstrate that increased neddylation promoted neutrophil trafficking and thus exacerbated injury of the BBB and stroke outcomes. We suggest that the neddylation inhibition may be beneficial in ischemic stroke.

    • Mus musculus (House mouse)
    • ,
    • Cancer Research
    • ,
    • Immunology and Microbiology
    Liver metastasis restrains immunotherapy efficacy via macrophage-mediated T cell elimination.

    In Nature Medicine on 1 January 2021 by Yu, J., Green, M. D., et al.

    PubMed

    Metastasis is the primary cause of cancer mortality, and cancer frequently metastasizes to the liver. It is not clear whether liver immune tolerance mechanisms contribute to cancer outcomes. We report that liver metastases diminish immunotherapy efficacy systemically in patients and preclinical models. Patients with liver metastases derive limited benefit from immunotherapy independent of other established biomarkers of response. In multiple mouse models, we show that liver metastases siphon activated CD8+ T cells from systemic circulation. Within the liver, activated antigen-specific Fas+CD8+ T cells undergo apoptosis following their interaction with FasL+CD11b+F4/80+ monocyte-derived macrophages. Consequently, liver metastases create a systemic immune desert in preclinical models. Similarly, patients with liver metastases have reduced peripheral T cell numbers and diminished tumoral T cell diversity and function. In preclinical models, liver-directed radiotherapy eliminates immunosuppressive hepatic macrophages, increases hepatic T cell survival and reduces hepatic siphoning of T cells. Thus, liver metastases co-opt host peripheral tolerance mechanisms to cause acquired immunotherapy resistance through CD8+ T cell deletion, and the combination of liver-directed radiotherapy and immunotherapy could promote systemic antitumor immunity.

    • IHC
    • ,
    • Mus musculus (House mouse)
    • ,
    • Cardiovascular biology
    • ,
    • Pathology
    Blockade of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 prevents angiotensin II-induced hypertension and vascular dysfunction.

    In Laboratory Investigation; A Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology on 1 March 2020 by Lang, P. P., Bai, J., et al.

    PubMed

    Monocyte and adhesion infiltration into the arterial subendothelium are initial steps in hypertension development. The endothelial intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) has been implicated in the recruitment and adhesion of leukocytes in several cardiac diseases. However, the role of ICAM-1 in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertension development remains unknown. Hypertension was induced by administering an infusion of Ang II (1000 ng/kg/min) to wild-type (WT) mice treated with an IgG control or ICAM-1 neutralizing antibody (1 and 2 mg/mouse/day, respectively). Blood pressure was determined using the tail-cuff system. Vascular remodeling was assessed by performing a histological examination. Inflammation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were determined by using immunostaining. Vascular dysfunction was assessed by aortic ring assay. The expression of fibrotic markers, cytokines and NOX was evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR analysis. Our results demonstrate that Ang II infusion markedly increased the ICAM-1 level in the aorta. Blocking ICAM-1 with a neutralizing antibody significantly attenuated Ang II-induced arterial hypertension, vascular hypertrophy, fibrosis, macrophage infiltration, and ROS production and improved vascular relaxation. In conclusion, ICAM-1-mediated monocyte adhesion and migration play a critical role in Ang II-induced arterial hypertension and vascular dysfunction. ICAM-1 inhibitors may represent a new therapeutic strategy for the treatment of this disease.

    • Mus musculus (House mouse)
    • ,
    • Cardiovascular biology
    • ,
    • Endocrinology and Physiology
    Pharmacological blockage of ICAM-1 improves angiotensin II-induced cardiac remodeling by inhibiting adhesion of LFA-1+ monocytes.

    In American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology on 1 December 2019 by Lin, Q. Y., Lang, P. P., et al.

    PubMed

    Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is a member of an immunoglobulin-like superfamily of adhesion molecules that mediate leukocyte adhesion to vascular endothelium and are involved in several cardiovascular diseases, including ischemia-reperfusion injury, myocardial infarction, and atherosclerosis. However, the role of ICAM-1 in angiotensin II (ANG II)-induced cardiac remodeling in mice remains unclear. Wild-type mice were administered an IgG control or ICAM-1 neutralizing antibody (1 and 2 mg/mouse, respectively) and ANG II (1,000 ng·kg-1·min-1) for up to 14 days. Cardiac contractile function and structure were detected by echocardiography. Hypertrophy, fibrosis, and inflammation were assessed by histological examination. The infiltration of lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1+) monocytes/macrophages was assessed by immunostaining. The mRNA expression of genes was evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR analysis. Protein levels were tested by immunoblotting. We found that ICAM-1 expression in ANG II-infused hearts and ICAM-1 levels in serum from human patients with heart failure were significantly increased. Moreover, ANG II infusion markedly enhanced ANG II-induced hypertension, caused cardiac contractile dysfunction, and promoted cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, and LFA-1+ macrophage infiltration. Conversely, blockage of ICAM-1 with a neutralizing antibody dose-dependently attenuated these effects. Moreover, our in vitro data further demonstrated that blocking ICAM-1 inhibited ANG II-induced LFA-1+ macrophage adhesion to endothelial cells and migration. In conclusion, these results provide novel evidence that blocking ICAM-1 exerts a protective effect in ANG II-induced cardiac remodeling at least in part through the modulation of adhesion and infiltration of LFA-1+ macrophages in the heart. Inhibition of ICAM-1 may represent a new therapeutic approach for hypertrophic heart diseases.NEW NOTEWORTHY Leukocyte adhesion to vascular endothelium is a critical step in cardiovascular diseases. ICAM-1 is a member of immunoglobulin-like superfamily of adhesion molecules that binds LFA-1 to mediate leukocytes adhesion and migration. However, the significance of ICAM-1 in ANG II-induced cardiac remodeling remains unclear. This study reveals that blocking of ICAM-1 prevents ANG II-induced cardiac remodeling via modulating adhesion and migration of LFA-1+ monocytes, may serve as a novel therapeutic target for hypertensive cardiac diseases.

    • In Vivo
    • ,
    • Block
    • ,
    • Mus musculus (House mouse)
    • ,
    • Immunology and Microbiology
    Circadian Expression of Migratory Factors Establishes Lineage-Specific Signatures that Guide the Homing of Leukocyte Subsets to Tissues.

    In Immunity on 18 December 2018 by He, W., Holtkamp, S., et al.

    PubMed

    The number of leukocytes present in circulation varies throughout the day, reflecting bone marrow output and emigration from blood into tissues. Using an organism-wide circadian screening approach, we detected oscillations in pro-migratory factors that were distinct for specific vascular beds and individual leukocyte subsets. This rhythmic molecular signature governed time-of-day-dependent homing behavior of leukocyte subsets to specific organs. Ablation of BMAL1, a transcription factor central to circadian clock function, in endothelial cells or leukocyte subsets demonstrated that rhythmic recruitment is dependent on both microenvironmental and cell-autonomous oscillations. These oscillatory patterns defined leukocyte trafficking in both homeostasis and inflammation and determined detectable tumor burden in blood cancer models. Rhythms in the expression of pro-migratory factors and migration capacities were preserved in human primary leukocytes. The definition of spatial and temporal expression profiles of pro-migratory factors guiding leukocyte migration patterns to organs provides a resource for the further study of the impact of circadian rhythms in immunity.Copyright © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    • Immunology and Microbiology
    Renal immune surveillance and dipeptidase-1 contribute to contrast-induced acute kidney injury.

    In The Journal of Clinical Investigation on 2 July 2018 by Lau, A., Chung, H., et al.

    PubMed

    Radiographic contrast agents cause acute kidney injury (AKI), yet the underlying pathogenesis is poorly understood. Nod-like receptor pyrin containing 3-deficient (Nlrp3-deficient) mice displayed reduced epithelial cell injury and inflammation in the kidney in a model of contrast-induced AKI (CI-AKI). Unexpectedly, contrast agents directly induced tubular epithelial cell death in vitro that was not dependent on Nlrp3. Rather, contrast agents activated the canonical Nlrp3 inflammasome in macrophages. Intravital microscopy revealed diatrizoate (DTA) uptake within minutes in perivascular CX3CR1+ resident phagocytes in the kidney. Following rapid filtration into the tubular luminal space, DTA was reabsorbed and concentrated in tubular epithelial cells via the brush border enzyme dipeptidase-1 in volume-depleted but not euvolemic mice. LysM-GFP+ macrophages recruited to the kidney interstitial space ingested contrast material transported from the urine via direct interactions with tubules. CI-AKI was dependent on resident renal phagocytes, IL-1, leukocyte recruitment, and dipeptidase-1. Levels of the inflammasome-related urinary biomarkers IL-18 and caspase-1 were increased immediately following contrast administration in patients undergoing coronary angiography, consistent with the acute renal effects observed in mice. Taken together, these data show that CI-AKI is a multistep process that involves immune surveillance by resident and infiltrating renal phagocytes, Nlrp3-dependent inflammation, and the tubular reabsorption of contrast via dipeptidase-1.

    • WB
    • ,
    • Mus musculus (House mouse)
    • ,
    • Cardiovascular biology
    Loss of p27 phosphorylation at Ser10 accelerates early atherogenesis by promoting leukocyte recruitment via RhoA/ROCK.

    In Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology on 1 July 2015 by Molina-Sánchez, P., Chèvre, R., et al.

    PubMed

    Reduced phosphorylation of the tumor suppressor p27(Kip1) (p27) at serine 10 (Ser10) is a hallmark of advanced human and mouse atherosclerosis. Apolipoprotein E-null mice defective for this posttranslational modification (apoE(-/-)p27Ser10Ala) exhibited increased atherosclerosis burden at late disease states. Here, we investigated the regulation of p27 phosphorylation in Ser10 at the very initial stages of atherosclerosis and its impact on endothelial-leukocyte interaction and early plaque formation. Hypercholesterolemia in fat-fed apoE(-/-) mice is associated with a rapid downregulation of p27-phospho-Ser10 in primary endothelial cells (ECs) and in aorta prior to the development of macroscopically-visible lesions. We find that lack of p27 phosphorylation at Ser10 enhances the expression of adhesion molecules in aorta of apoE(-/-) mice and ECs, and augments endothelial-leukocyte interactions and leukocyte recruitment in vivo. These effects correlated with increased RhoA/Rho-associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase (ROCK) signaling in ECs, and inhibition of this pathway with fasudil reduced leukocyte-EC interactions to control levels in the microvasculature of p27Ser10Ala mice. Moreover, apoE(-/-)p27Ser10Ala mice displayed increased leukocyte recruitment and homing to atherosusceptible arteries and augmented early plaque development, which could be blunted with fasudil. In conclusion, our studies demonstrate a very rapid reduction in p27-phospho-Ser10 levels at the onset of atherogenesis, which contributes to early plaque build-up through RhoA/ROCK-induced integrin expression in ECs and enhanced leukocyte recruitment.Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.