InVivoSIM anti-human TNFα (Adalimumab Biosimilar)

Catalog #SIM0001
Product Citations:

$224.00 - $7,752.00

Choose an Option...
  • 100 mg - $7,752.00
  • 50 mg - $4,356.00
  • 25 mg - $3,030.00
  • 5 mg - $868.00
  • 1 mg - $224.00
  • Custom Amount (Quotes Only)
In stock
Only %1 left

Product Details

This non-therapeutic biosimilar antibody uses the same variable regions from the therapeutic antibody Adalimumab making it ideal for research use. This Adalimumab biosimilar reacts with human TNFα (tumor necrosis factor-alpha) a multifunctional proinflammatory cytokine. TNFα belongs to the TNF superfamily of cytokines and signals through its two receptors, TNFR1 and TNFR2 which can be activated by both the soluble trimeric and membrane-bound and forms of TNFα. TNFα is primarily produced by macrophages in response to foreign antigens such as bacteria (lipopolysaccharides), viruses, and parasites as well as mitogens and other cytokines but can also be expressed by monocytes, neutrophils, NK cells, CD4 T cells and some specialized dendritic cells. TNFα is known to play key roles in a wide spectrum of biological processes including immunoregulation, cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, antitumor activity, inflammation, anorexia, cachexia, septic shock, hematopoiesis, and viral replication. TNFα dysregulation has been implicated in a variety of diseases, including autoimmune diseases, insulin resistance, and cancer. Adalimumab blocks the interaction of TNFα with the TNFR1 (p55) and TNFR2 (p75) resulting in a down-regulation of the inflammatory response associated with autoimmune diseases.


Isotype Human IgG1
Recommended Isotype Control(s) RecombiMAb human IgG1 isotype control, anti-hen egg lysozyme
Recommended Dilution Buffer InVivoPure pH 7.0 Dilution Buffer
Conjugation This product is unconjugated. Conjugation is available via our Antibody Conjugation Services.
Immunogen Human TNFα
Reported Applications TNFα neutralization
Flow Cytometry
Western Blot
Formulation PBS, pH 7.0
Contains no stabilizers or preservatives
Endotoxin <1EU/mg (<0.001EU/μg)
Determined by LAL gel clotting assay
Aggregation <5%
Determined by SEC
Purity >95%
Determined by SDS-PAGE
Sterility 0.2 µm filtration
Production Purified from cell culture supernatant in an animal-free facility
Purification Protein A
RRID AB_2894722
Molecular Weight 150 kDa
Murine Pathogen Tests Ectromelia/Mousepox Virus: Negative
Hantavirus: Negative
K Virus: Negative
Lactate Dehydrogenase-Elevating Virus: Negative
Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis virus: Negative
Mouse Adenovirus: Negative
Mouse Cytomegalovirus: Negative
Mouse Hepatitis Virus: Negative
Mouse Minute Virus: Negative
Mouse Norovirus: Negative
Mouse Parvovirus: Negative
Mouse Rotavirus: Negative
Mycoplasma Pulmonis: Negative
Pneumonia Virus of Mice: Negative
Polyoma Virus: Negative
Reovirus Screen: Negative
Sendai Virus: Negative
Theiler’s Murine Encephalomyelitis: Negative
Storage The antibody solution should be stored at the stock concentration at 4°C. Do not freeze.
    • Immunology and Microbiology
    • ,
    Macrophage Tim-3 maintains intestinal homeostasis in DSS-induced colitis by suppressing neutrophil necroptosis.

    In Redox Biology on 1 April 2024 by Wang, F., Zhou, F., et al.


    T-cell immunoglobulin domain and mucin domain-3 (Tim-3) is a versatile immunomodulator that protects against intestinal inflammation. Necroptosis is a type of cell death that regulates intestinal homeostasis and inflammation. The mechanism(s) underlying the protective role of macrophage Tim-3 in intestinal inflammation is unclear; thus, we investigated whether specific Tim-3 knockdown in macrophages drives intestinal inflammation via necroptosis. Tim-3 protein and mRNA expression were assessed via double immunofluorescence staining and single-cell RNA sequencing (sc-RNA seq), respectively, in the colonic tissues of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and healthy controls. Macrophage-specific Tim3-knockout (Tim-3M-KO) mice were generated to explore the function and mechanism of Tim-3 in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis. Necroptosis was blocked by pharmacological inhibitors of receptor-interacting protein kinase (RIP)1, RIP3, and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Additionally, in vitro experiments were performed to assess the mechanisms of neutrophil necroptosis induced by Tim-3 knockdown macrophages. Although Tim-3 is relatively inactive in macrophages during colon homeostasis, it is highly active during colitis. Compared to those in controls, Tim-3M-KO mice showed increased susceptibility to colitis, higher colitis scores, and increased pro-inflammatory mediator expression. Following the administration of RIP1/RIP3 or ROS inhibitors, a significant reduction in intestinal inflammation symptoms was observed in DSS-treated Tim-3M-KO mice. Further analysis indicated the TLR4/NF-κB pathway in Tim-3 knockdown macrophages mediates the TNF-α-induced necroptosis pathway in neutrophils. Macrophage Tim-3 regulates neutrophil necroptosis via intracellular ROS signaling. Tim-3 knockdown macrophages can recruit neutrophils and induce neutrophil necroptosis, thereby damaging the intestinal mucosal barrier and triggering a vicious cycle in the development of colitis. Our results demonstrate a protective role of macrophage Tim-3 in maintaining gut homeostasis by inhibiting neutrophil necroptosis and provide novel insights into the pathogenesis of IBD. Copyright © 2024 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    • Immunology and Microbiology
    A mechanistic marker-based screening tool to predict clinical immunogenicity of biologics.

    In Commun Med (Lond) on 8 December 2023 by Jarvi, N. L. & Balu-Iyer, S. V.


    The efficacy and safety of therapeutic proteins are undermined by immunogenicity driven by anti-drug antibodies. Immunogenicity risk assessment is critically necessary during drug development, but current methods lack predictive power and mechanistic insight into antigen uptake and processing leading to immune response. A key mechanistic step in T-cell-dependent immune responses is the migration of mature dendritic cells to T-cell areas of lymphoid compartments, and this phenomenon is most pronounced in the immune response toward subcutaneously delivered proteins. The migratory potential of monocyte-derived dendritic cells is proposed to be a mechanistic marker for immunogenicity screening. Following exposure to therapeutic protein in vitro, dendritic cells are analyzed for changes in activation markers (CD40 and IL-12) in combination with levels of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 to represent migratory potential. Then a transwell assay captures the intensity of dendritic cell migration in the presence of a gradient of therapeutic protein and chemokine ligands. Here, we show that an increased ability of the therapeutic protein to induce dendritic cell migration along a gradient of chemokine CCL21 and CXCL12 predicts higher immunogenic potential. Expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 on human monocyte-derived dendritic cells, in combination with activation markers CD40 and IL-12, strongly correlates with clinical anti-drug antibody incidence. Mechanistic understanding of processes driving immunogenicity led to the development of a predictive tool for immunogenicity risk assessment of therapeutic proteins. These predictive markers could be adapted for immunogenicity screening of other biological modalities. © 2023. The Author(s).