InVivoMAb anti-mouse CD103

Catalog #BE0026
Clone:
M290
Reactivities:
Mouse

$150.00 - $3,920.00

In stock
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Product Details

The M290 monoclonal antibody reacts with mouse CD103 also known as integrin αE (ITGAE). CD103 is an integrin protein that binds integrin beta 7 to form the complete heterodimeric integrin molecule αEβ7. CD103 is expressed widely on intraepithelial lymphocyte (IEL) T cells (both αβ T cells and γδ T cells) and on some peripheral regulatory T cells. It has also been reported on lamina propria T cells. A subset of dendritic cells in the gut mucosa and in mesenteric lymph nodes also expresses CD103. The main ligand for CD103 is E-cadherin, an adhesion molecule expressed by epithelial cells. CD103 is thought to facilitate the interactions of T cells with epithelial cells during T cell maturation and effector functions. The M290 antibody is reported to neutralize CD103 in vivo.

Specifications

Isotype Rat IgG2a, κ
Recommended Isotype Control(s) InVivoMAb rat IgG2a isotype control, anti-trinitrophenol
Recommended Dilution Buffer InVivoPure pH 7.0 Dilution Buffer
Immunogen Mouse intestinal epithelial cells
Reported Applications in vivo CD103 neutralization
Immunofluorescence
Flow cytometry
Formulation PBS, pH 7.0
Contains no stabilizers or preservatives
Endotoxin <2EU/mg (<0.002EU/μg)
Determined by LAL gel clotting assay
Purity >95%
Determined by SDS-PAGE
Sterility 0.2 μM filtered
Production Purified from tissue culture supernatant in an animal free facility
Purification Protein G
RRID AB_1107570
Molecular Weight 150 kDa
Storage The antibody solution should be stored at the stock concentration at 4°C. Do not freeze.
In vivo CD103 neutralization
Liikanen, I., et al. (2021). "Hypoxia-inducible factor activity promotes antitumor effector function and tissue residency by CD8+ T cells" J Clin Invest 131(7). PubMed

Adoptive T cell therapies (ACTs) hold great promise in cancer treatment, but low overall response rates in patients with solid tumors underscore remaining challenges in realizing the potential of this cellular immunotherapy approach. Promoting CD8+ T cell adaptation to tissue residency represents an underutilized but promising strategy to improve tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) function. Here, we report that deletion of the HIF negative regulator von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) in CD8+ T cells induced HIF-1α/HIF-2α-dependent differentiation of tissue-resident memory-like (Trm-like) TILs in mouse models of malignancy. VHL-deficient TILs accumulated in tumors and exhibited a core Trm signature despite an exhaustion-associated phenotype, which led to retained polyfunctionality and response to αPD-1 immunotherapy, resulting in tumor eradication and protective tissue-resident memory. VHL deficiency similarly facilitated enhanced accumulation of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells with a Trm-like phenotype in tumors. Thus, HIF activity in CD8+ TILs promotes accumulation and antitumor activity, providing a new strategy to enhance the efficacy of ACTs.

In vivo CD103 neutralization
Homet Moreno, B., et al. (2016). "Response to Programmed Cell Death-1 Blockade in a Murine Melanoma Syngeneic Model Requires Costimulation, CD4, and CD8 T Cells" Cancer Immunol Res 4(10): 845-857. PubMed

The programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) limits effector T-cell functions in peripheral tissues, and its inhibition leads to clinical benefit in different cancers. To better understand how PD-1 blockade therapy modulates the tumor-host interactions, we evaluated three syngeneic murine tumor models, the BRAF(V600E)-driven YUMM1.1 and YUMM2.1 melanomas, and the carcinogen-induced murine colon adenocarcinoma MC38. The YUMM cell lines were established from mice with melanocyte-specific BRAF(V600E) mutation and PTEN loss (BRAF(V600E)/PTEN(-/-)). Anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-L1 therapy engendered strong antitumor activity against MC38 and YUMM2.1, but not YUMM1.1. PD-L1 expression did not differ between the three models at baseline or upon interferon stimulation. Whereas mutational load was high in MC38, it was lower in both YUMM models. In YUMM2.1, the antitumor activity of PD-1 blockade had a critical requirement for both CD4 and CD8 T cells, as well as CD28 and CD80/86 costimulation, with an increase in CD11c(+)CD11b(+)MHC-II(high) dendritic cells and tumor-associated macrophages in the tumors after PD-1 blockade. Compared with YUMM1.1, YUMM2.1 exhibited a more inflammatory profile by RNA sequencing analysis, with an increase in expression of chemokine-trafficking genes that are related to immune cell recruitment and T-cell priming. In conclusion, response to PD-1 blockade therapy in tumor models requires CD4 and CD8 T cells and costimulation that is mediated by dendritic cells and macrophages.

Immunofluorescence, Flow Cytometry
Mang, Y., et al. (2015). "Efficient elimination of CD103-expressing cells by anti-CD103 antibody drug conjugates in immunocompetent mice" Int Immunopharmacol 24(1): 119-127. PubMed

CD103 plays an important role in the destruction of islet allografts, and previous studies found that a CD103 immunotoxin (M290-Saporin, or M290-SAP) promoted the long-term survival of pancreatic islet allografts. However, systemic toxicity to the host and the bystander effects of M290-SAP obscure the underlying mechanisms of action and restrict its clinical applications. To overcome these shortcomings, anti-CD103 M290 was conjugated to different cytotoxic agents through cleavable or uncleavable linkages to form three distinct antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs): M290-MC-vc-PAB-MMAE, M290-MC-MMAF, and M290-MCC-DM1. The drug-to-antibody ratio (DAR) and the purity of the ADCs were determined by HIC-HPLC and SEC-HPLC, respectively. The binding characteristics, internalization and cytotoxicity of M290 and the corresponding ADCs were evaluated in vitro. The cell depletion efficacies of the various M290-ADCs against CD103-positive cells were then evaluated in vivo. The M290-ADCs maintained the initial binding affinity for the CD103-positive cell surface antigen and then quickly internalized the CD103-positive cell. Surprisingly, all M290-ADCs potently depleted CD103-positive cells in vivo, with high specificity and reduced toxicity. Our findings show that M290-ADCs have potent and selective depletion effects on CD103-expressing cells in immunocompetent mice. These data indicate that M290-ADCs could potentially serve as a therapeutic intervention to block the CD103/E-cadherin pathway.

In vivo CD103 neutralization
Mock, J. R., et al. (2014). "Foxp3+ regulatory T cells promote lung epithelial proliferation" Mucosal Immunol 7(6): 1440-1451. PubMed

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) causes significant morbidity and mortality each year. There is a paucity of information regarding the mechanisms necessary for ARDS resolution. Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Foxp3(+) T(reg) cells) have been shown to be an important determinant of resolution in an experimental model of lung injury. We demonstrate that intratracheal delivery of endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide) elicits alveolar epithelial damage from which the epithelium undergoes proliferation and repair. Epithelial proliferation coincided with an increase in Foxp3(+) T(reg) cells in the lung during the course of resolution. To dissect the role that Foxp3(+) T(reg) cells exert on epithelial proliferation, we depleted Foxp3(+) T(reg) cells, which led to decreased alveolar epithelial proliferation and delayed lung injury recovery. Furthermore, antibody-mediated blockade of CD103, an integrin, which binds to epithelial expressed E-cadherin decreased Foxp3(+) T(reg) numbers and decreased rates of epithelial proliferation after injury. In a non-inflammatory model of regenerative alveologenesis, left lung pneumonectomy, we found that Foxp3(+) T(reg) cells enhanced epithelial proliferation. Moreover, Foxp3(+) T(reg) cells co-cultured with primary type II alveolar cells (AT2) directly increased AT2 cell proliferation in a CD103-dependent manner. These studies provide evidence of a new and integral role for Foxp3(+) T(reg) cells in repair of the lung epithelium.

In vivo CD103 neutralization
Sandoval, F., et al. (2013). "Mucosal imprinting of vaccine-induced CD8(+) T cells is crucial to inhibit the growth of mucosal tumors" Sci Transl Med 5(172): 172ra120. PubMed

Although many human cancers are located in mucosal sites, most cancer vaccines are tested against subcutaneous tumors in preclinical models. We therefore wondered whether mucosa-specific homing instructions to the immune system might influence mucosal tumor outgrowth. We showed that the growth of orthotopic head and neck or lung cancers was inhibited when a cancer vaccine was delivered by the intranasal mucosal route but not the intramuscular route. This antitumor effect was dependent on CD8(+) T cells. Indeed, only intranasal vaccination elicited mucosal-specific CD8(+) T cells expressing the mucosal integrin CD49a. Blockade of CD49a decreased intratumoral CD8(+) T cell infiltration and the efficacy of cancer vaccine on mucosal tumor. We then showed that after intranasal vaccination, dendritic cells from lung parenchyma, but not those from spleen, induced the expression of CD49a on cocultured specific CD8(+) T cells. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes from human mucosal lung cancer also expressed CD49a, which supports the relevance and possible extrapolation of these results in humans. We thus identified a link between the route of vaccination and the induction of a mucosal homing program on induced CD8(+) T cells that controlled their trafficking. Immunization route directly affected the efficacy of the cancer vaccine to control mucosal tumors.