InVivoMAb anti-human mesothelin

Catalog #BE0405
Clone:
YP218

$164.00 - $4,280.00

Choose an Option...
  • 100 mg - $4,280.00
  • 50 mg - $3,024.00
  • 25 mg - $2,009.00
  • 5 mg - $600.00
  • 1 mg - $164.00
  • Custom Amount (Quotes Only)
In stock
Only %1 left

Product Details

The YP218 monoclonal antibody reacts with a very rare epitope in the C-terminal end (region III, within amino acids 525 to 560) close to the tumor cell surface of human mesothelin (MSLN). MSLN has limited expression in normal tissues, while its expression gets upregulated in many solid tumors, including mesothelioma, epithelial ovarian cancer, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, lung cancer, uterine cancer, and cholangiocarcinoma. MSLN interacts with MUC16/CA125, and it regulates the processes of cell proliferation, growth, and adhesion. Human MSLN is synthesized as a 71-kDa precursor that translocates to the cell surface, where it is cleaved into 31-kDa megakaryocyte potentiating factor (MPF) and 40-kDa mature MSLN. The YP218 antibody has been reported for use in combination with clone YP223 in sandwich ELISAs for the detection of soluble MSLN in human mesothelioma serum samples. The YP218 antibody sequence was used for generating MSLN region III (membrane-proximal region)-targeting Meso3 CAR T cells, which displayed stronger antitumor responses in vivo than Meso1 CAR T cells (membrane-distal region) in gastric cancer NSG mouse models and large ovarian tumors. A humanized version of YP218 (i.e., hYP218) has been generated and used to make an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) called NAV-001-PNU that is highly effective against MUC16/CA125 HIO-positive tumor cell lines as well as several patient-derived xenografts (PDX). The humanized version of YP218 was also conjugated to a photosensitizing phthalocyanine dye, IRDye 700DX NHS ester. The IR700-hYP218 conjugate caused rapid cell death of MSLN-expressing A431/H9 cell lines in vitro and significant inhibition of tumor growth with improved survival in vivo (upon exposure to near-infrared light). BE0405 is the original rabbit IgG version of YP218 and not the humanized version.

Specifications

Isotype Rabbit IgG
Recommended Isotype Control(s) InVivoMAb polyclonal rabbit IgG
Recommended Dilution Buffer InVivoPure pH 7.0 Dilution Buffer
Conjugation This product is unconjugated. Conjugation is available via our Antibody Conjugation Services.
Reported Applications in vitro photoimmunotherapy*
in vivo photoimmunotherapy*
Chimeric antigen receptor construction
Antibody-drug conjugate synthesis*
Functional assays
Immunohistochemistry (paraffin)
Flow cytometry
ELISA
*Use of humanized YP218 (see "References")
Formulation PBS, pH 7.0
Contains no stabilizers or preservatives
Endotoxin <2EU/mg (<0.002EU/μg)
Determined by LAL gel clotting assay
Purity >95%
Determined by SDS-PAGE
Sterility 0.2 µm filtration
Production Purified from cell culture supernatant in an animal-free facility
Purification Protein A
Molecular Weight 150 kDa
Storage The antibody solution should be stored at the stock concentration at 4°C. Do not freeze.
Antibody-drug conjugate synthesis
Nicolaides NC, Kline JB, Grasso L. (2023). "NAV-001, a high-efficacy antibody-drug conjugate targeting mesothelin with improved delivery of a potent payload by counteracting MUC16/CA125 inhibitory effects" PLoS One 18(5):e0285161. PubMed

Subsets of tumor-produced cell surface and secreted proteins can bind to IgG1 type antibodies and suppress their immune-effector activities. As they affect antibody and complement-mediated immunity, we call these proteins humoral immuno-oncology (HIO) factors. Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) use antibody targeting to bind cell surface antigens, internalize into the cell, then kill target cells upon liberation of the cytotoxic payload. Binding of the ADC antibody component by a HIO factor may potentially hamper ADC efficacy due to reduced internalization. To determine the potential effects of HIO factor ADC suppression, we evaluated the efficacy of a HIO-refractory, mesothelin-directed ADC (NAV-001) and a HIO-bound, mesothelin-directed ADC (SS1). The HIO factor MUC16/CA125 binding to SS1 ADC was shown to have a negative effect on internalization and tumor cell killing. The MUC16/CA125 refractory NAV-001 ADC was shown to have robust killing of MUC16/CA125 expressing and non-expressing tumor cells in vitro and in vivo at single, sub-mg/kg dosing. Moreover, NAV-001-PNU, which contains the PNU-159682 topoisomerase II inhibitor, demonstrated good stability in vitro and in vivo as well as robust bystander activity of resident cells while maintaining a tolerable safety profile in vivo. Single-dose NAV-001-PNU demonstrated robust tumor regression of a number of patient-derived xenografts from different tumor types regardless of MUC16/CA125 expression. These findings suggest that identification of HIO-refractory antibodies to be used in ADC format may improve therapeutic efficacy as observed by NAV-001 and warrants NAV-001-PNU's advancement to human clinical trials as a monotherapy to treat mesothelin-positive cancers.

Chimeric antigen receptor construction, Immunohistochemistry (paraffin), Flow Cytometry, ELISA
Tomar S, Zhang J, Khanal M, Hong J, Venugopalan A, Jiang Q, Sengupta M, Miettinen M, Li N, Pastan I, Ho M, Hassan R. (2022). "Development of Highly Effective Anti-Mesothelin hYP218 Chimeric Antigen Receptor T Cells With Increased Tumor Infiltration and Persistence for Treating Solid Tumors" Mol Cancer Ther 21(7):1195-1206. PubMed

Mesothelin targeting CAR T cells have limited activity in patients. In this study, we sought to determine if efficacy of anti-mesothelin CAR T cells is dependent on the mesothelin epitopes that are recognized by them. To do so, we developed hYP218 (against membrane-proximal epitope) and SS1 (against membrane-distal epitope) CAR T cells. Their efficacy was assessed in vitro using mesothelin-positive tumor cell lines and in vivo in NSG mice with mesothelin-expressing ovarian cancer (OVCAR-8), pancreatic cancer (KLM-1), and mesothelioma patient-derived (NCI-Meso63) tumor xenografts. Persistence and tumor infiltration of CAR T cells was determined using flow cytometry. hYP218 CAR T cells killed cancer cells more efficiently than SS1 CAR T cells, with a two- to fourfold lower ET50 value (effector-to-target ratio for 50% killing of tumor cells). In mice with established tumors, single intravenous administration of hYP218 CAR T cells lead to improved tumor response and survival compared with SS1 CAR T cells, with complete regression of OVCAR-8 and NCI-Meso63 tumors. Compared with SS1 CAR T cells, there was increased peripheral blood expansion, persistence, and tumor infiltration of hYP218 CAR T cells in the KLM-1 tumor model. Persistence of hYP218 CAR T cells in treated mice led to antitumor immunity when rechallenged with KLM-1 tumor cells. Our results show that hYP218 CAR T cells, targeting mesothelin epitope close to cell membrane, are very effective against mesothelin-positive tumors and are associated with increased persistence and tumor infiltration. These results support its clinical development to treat patients with mesothelin-expressing cancers.

Chimeric antigen receptor construction
Zhang Z, Jiang D, Yang H, He Z, Liu X, Qin W, Li L, Wang C, Li Y, Li H, Xu H, Jin H, Qian Q. (2019). "Modified CAR T cells targeting membrane-proximal epitope of mesothelin enhances the antitumor function against large solid tumor" Cell Death Dis 10(7):476. PubMed

Mesothelin (MSLN) is an attractive antigen for chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T therapy and the epitope selection within MSLN is essential. In this study, we constructed two types of CARs targeting either region I of MSLN (meso1 CAR, also known as a membrane-distal region) or region III of MSLN (meso3 CAR, also known as a membrane-proximal region) using a modified piggyBac transposon system. We reported that, compared with meso1 CAR T cells, meso3 CAR T cells express higher levels of CD107α upon activation and produce increased levels of interleukin-2, TNF-α, and IFN-γ against multiple MSLN-expressing cancer cells in vitro. In a real-time cell analyzer system and a three-dimensional spheroid cancer cell model, we also demonstrated that meso3 CAR T cells display an enhanced killing effect compared with that of meso1 CAR T cells. More importantly, in a gastric cancer NSG mice model, meso3 CAR T cells mediated stronger antitumor responses than meso1 CAR T cells did. We further identified that meso3 CAR T cells can effectively inhibit the growth of large ovarian tumors in vivo. Collectively, our study provides evidences that meso3 CAR T-cell therapy performs as a better immunotherapy than meso1 CAR T-cell therapy in treating MSLN-positive solid tumors.

Chimeric antigen receptor construction
Zhang Z, Jiang D, Yang H, He Z, Liu X, Qin W, Li L, Wang C, Li Y, Li H, Xu H, Jin H, Qian Q. (2019). "Modified CAR T cells targeting membrane-proximal epitope of mesothelin enhances the antitumor function against large solid tumor" Cell Death Dis 10(7):476. PubMed

Mesothelin (MSLN) is an attractive antigen for chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T therapy and the epitope selection within MSLN is essential. In this study, we constructed two types of CARs targeting either region I of MSLN (meso1 CAR, also known as a membrane-distal region) or region III of MSLN (meso3 CAR, also known as a membrane-proximal region) using a modified piggyBac transposon system. We reported that, compared with meso1 CAR T cells, meso3 CAR T cells express higher levels of CD107α upon activation and produce increased levels of interleukin-2, TNF-α, and IFN-γ against multiple MSLN-expressing cancer cells in vitro. In a real-time cell analyzer system and a three-dimensional spheroid cancer cell model, we also demonstrated that meso3 CAR T cells display an enhanced killing effect compared with that of meso1 CAR T cells. More importantly, in a gastric cancer NSG mice model, meso3 CAR T cells mediated stronger antitumor responses than meso1 CAR T cells did. We further identified that meso3 CAR T cells can effectively inhibit the growth of large ovarian tumors in vivo. Collectively, our study provides evidences that meso3 CAR T-cell therapy performs as a better immunotherapy than meso1 CAR T-cell therapy in treating MSLN-positive solid tumors.

Functional Assays
Zhang YF, Ho M. (2017). "Humanization of rabbit monoclonal antibodies via grafting combined Kabat/IMGT/Paratome complementarity-determining regions: Rationale and examples" MAbs 9(3):419-429. PubMed

Rabbit monoclonal antibodies (RabMAbs) can recognize diverse epitopes, including those poorly immunogenic in mice and humans. However, there have been only a few reports on RabMAb humanization, an important antibody engineering step usually done before clinical applications are investigated. To pursue a general method for humanization of RabMAbs, we analyzed the complex structures of 5 RabMAbs with their antigens currently available in the Protein Data Bank, and identified antigen-contacting residues on the rabbit Fv within the 6 Angstrom distance to its antigen. We also analyzed the supporting residues for antigen-contacting residues on the same heavy or light chain. We identified "HV4" and "LV4" in rabbit Fvs, non-complementarity-determining region (CDR) loops that are structurally close to the antigen and located in framework 3 of the heavy chain and light chain, respectively. Based on our structural and sequence analysis, we designed a humanization strategy by grafting the combined Kabat/IMGT/Paratome CDRs, which cover most antigen-contacting residues, into a human germline framework sequence. Using this strategy, we humanized 4 RabMAbs that recognize poorly immunogenic epitopes in the cancer target mesothelin. Three of the 4 humanized rabbit Fvs have similar or improved functional binding affinity for mesothelin-expressing cells. Interestingly, 4 immunotoxins composed of the humanized scFvs fused to a clinically used fragment of Pseudomonas exotoxin (PE38) showed stronger cytotoxicity against tumor cells than the immunotoxins derived from their original rabbit scFvs. Our data suggest that grafting the combined Kabat/IMGT/Paratome CDRs to a stable human germline framework can be a general approach to humanize RabMAbs.

in vitro photoimmunotherapy, in vivo photoimmunotherapy
Nagaya T, Nakamura Y, Sato K, Zhang YF, Ni M, Choyke PL, Ho M, Kobayashi H. (2016). "Near infrared photoimmunotherapy with an anti-mesothelin antibody" Oncotarget 7(17):23361-9. PubMed

Near Infrared-Photoimmunotherapy (NIR-PIT) is a new, highly selective tumor treatment that employs an antibody-photon absorber conjugate (APC). When the APC attaches to its target cell and is exposed to NIR light, highly selective cell killing is observed. NIR-PIT has been demonstrated with a limited number of antibodies. Mesothelin is overexpressed in several malignancies and is emerging as a therapeutic target. A recently humanized antibody (hYP218) has been generated against mesothelin that demonstrates high affinity binding. Here, we describe the efficacy of NIR-PIT, using hYP218 as the antibody within the APC to target a mesothelin expressing A431/H9 cell. The hYP218 antibody was conjugated to a photo-absorber, IR700 and incubated with the cells. The hYP218-IR700 showed specific binding to cells and cell-specific killing was observed in vitro. After implanting A431/H9 cells in an athymic nude mouse, tumor-bearing mice were treated with the following regimen of NIR-PIT; 100 μg of hYP218-IR700 i.v., NIR light was administered at 50 J/cm2 on day 1 after injection and 100 J/cm2 of light on day 2 after injection. The hYP218-IR700 showed high tumor accumulation and a high tumor-background ratio (TBR). Tumor growth was significantly inhibited by NIR-PIT treatment compared with the other control groups (p < 0.001), and significantly prolonged survival (p < 0.0001 vs other groups). Thus, the new anti-mesothelin antibody, hYP218, is suitable as an antibody-drug conjugate for NIR-PIT. Furthermore, NIR-PIT with hYP218-IR700 is a promising candidate for the treatment of mesothelin-expressing tumors that could be readily translated to humans.

Immunohistochemistry (paraffin), Flow Cytometry, ELISA
Zhang YF, Phung Y, Gao W, Kawa S, Hassan R, Pastan I, Ho M. (2015). "New high affinity monoclonal antibodies recognize non-overlapping epitopes on mesothelin for monitoring and treating mesothelioma" Sci Rep . PubMed

Mesothelin is an emerging cell surface target in mesothelioma and other solid tumors. Most antibody drug candidates recognize highly immunogenic Region I (296-390) on mesothelin. Here, we report a group of high-affinity non-Region I rabbit monoclonal antibodies. These antibodies do not compete for mesothelin binding with the immunotoxin SS1P that binds Region I of mesothelin. One pair of antibodies (YP218 and YP223) is suitable to detect soluble mesothelin in a sandwich ELISA with high sensitivity. The new assay can also be used to measure serum mesothelin concentration in mesothelioma patients, indicating its potential use for monitoring patients treated with current antibody therapies targeting Region I. The antibodies are highly specific and sensitive in immunostaining of mesothelioma. To explore their use in tumor therapy, we have generated the immunotoxins based on the Fv of these antibodies. One immunotoxin (YP218 Fv-PE38) exhibits potent anti-tumor cytotoxicity towards primary mesothelioma cell lines in vitro and an NCI-H226 xenograft tumor in mice. Furthermore, we have engineered a humanized YP218 Fv that retains full binding affinity for mesothelin-expressing cancer cells. In conclusion, with their unique binding properties, these antibodies may be promising candidates for monitoring and treating mesothelioma and other mesothelin-expressing cancers.