InVivoMAb anti-mouse IFNγR (CD119)

Catalog #BE0029
Clone:
GR-20
Reactivities:
Mouse

$150.00 - $3,920.00

In stock
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Product Details

The GR-20 monoclonal antibody reacts with the mouse IFNγR (interferon gamma receptor) α chain also known as CD119 and IFNγ receptor 1. CD119 heterodimerizes with IFNγ receptor 2 (AF-1) to form the IFNγR, a Class II cytokine receptor. The IFNγR is expressed ubiquitously on almost all cell types with the exception of mature erythrocytes. The GR-20 antibody binds to an epitope in the ligand-binding site of the receptor and has been shown to block the binding of IFNγ to CD119 therefore inhibiting IFNγ mediated effects.

Specifications

Isotype Rat IgG2a, κ
Recommended Isotype Control(s) InVivoMAb rat IgG2a isotype control, anti-trinitrophenol
Recommended Dilution Buffer InVivoPure pH 7.0 Dilution Buffer
Immunogen BALB/c mouse monomyelocytic cell line WEHI-3
Reported Applications in vivo IFNγR neutralization
in vitro IFNγR neutralization
Formulation PBS, pH 7.0
Contains no stabilizers or preservatives
Endotoxin <2EU/mg (<0.002EU/μg)
Determined by LAL gel clotting assay
Purity >95%
Determined by SDS-PAGE
Sterility 0.2 μM filtered
Production Purified from tissue culture supernatant in an animal free facility
Purification Protein G
RRID AB_1107576
Molecular Weight 150 kDa
Storage The antibody solution should be stored at the stock concentration at 4°C. Do not freeze.
in vivo IFNγR neutralization, in vitro IFNγR neutralization
Wang, K. C., et al. (2018). "Conserved and Differential Features of TNF Superfamily Ligand Expression on APC Subsets over the Course of a Chronic Viral Infection in Mice" Immunohorizons 2(11): 407-417. PubMed

There is currently much interest in how different APC subsets shape the immune response. We recently described a division of labor between classical dendritic cells (cDC) and inflammatory monocyte-derived APC in provision of costimulatory ligands to T cells early during chronic lymphocytic choriomeningitis clone 13 (LCMV 13) infection in mice. At day 2 of LCMV 13 infection, cDC preferentially express CD80 and CD86, whereas TNF superfamily ligands GITRL, 4-1BBL, CD70, and OX40L are preferentially induced by type I IFN on inflammatory monocyte-derived APC, with minimal expression on cDC. In this study, we further investigate the expression of TNF and B7 family ligands on APC over the course of LCMV 13 infection. OX40L and 4-1BBL remain above baseline through the chronic stage of infection, with predominant expression on inflammatory APC compared with cDC in the spleen, partially blocked by anti-IFN-γR Ab pretreatment. Conversely, CD70, like GITRL, returns to baseline on the APC within a few days postinfection. In the lung, TNF family ligands were also preferentially expressed on inflammatory monocyte-derived APC. CD86 was generally higher on cDC than inflammatory APC in the spleen, but in the lung CD86 was highest on inflammatory APC. Moreover, in the spleen, CD80 levels on different APC subsets fluctuated over the course of the infection. We also show that LPS induction of TNF superfamily ligands is largely mediated through type I IFN. This study highlights the importance of IFNs and monocyte-derived APC in TNF superfamily ligand expression in both secondary lymphoid organs and tissues during chronic viral infection.

in vitro IFNγR neutralization
van Montfoort, N., et al. (2018). "NKG2A Blockade Potentiates CD8 T Cell Immunity Induced by Cancer Vaccines" Cell 175(7): 1744-1755 e1715. PubMed

Tumor-infiltrating CD8 T cells were found to frequently express the inhibitory receptor NKG2A, particularly in immune-reactive environments and after therapeutic cancer vaccination. High-dimensional cluster analysis demonstrated that NKG2A marks a unique immune effector subset preferentially co-expressing the tissue-resident CD103 molecule, but not immune checkpoint inhibitors. To examine whether NKG2A represented an adaptive resistance mechanism to cancer vaccination, we blocked the receptor with an antibody and knocked out its ligand Qa-1(b), the conserved ortholog of HLA-E, in four mouse tumor models. The impact of therapeutic vaccines was greatly potentiated by disruption of the NKG2A/Qa-1(b) axis even in a PD-1 refractory mouse model. NKG2A blockade therapy operated through CD8 T cells, but not NK cells. These findings indicate that NKG2A-blocking antibodies might improve clinical responses to therapeutic cancer vaccines.

in vivo IFNγR neutralization
Vicetti Miguel, R. D., et al. (2016). "Intravaginal Chlamydia trachomatis Challenge Infection Elicits TH1 and TH17 Immune Responses in Mice That Promote Pathogen Clearance and Genital Tract Damage" PLoS One 11(9): e0162445. PubMed

While ascension of Chlamydia trachomatis into the upper genital tract of women can cause pelvic inflammatory disease and Fallopian tube damage, most infections elicit no symptoms or overt upper genital tract pathology. Consistent with this asymptomatic clinical presentation, genital C. trachomatis infection of women generates robust TH2 immunity. As an animal model that modeled this response would be invaluable for delineating bacterial pathogenesis and human host defenses, herein we explored if pathogen-specific TH2 immunity is similarly elicited by intravaginal (ivag) infection of mice with oculogenital C. trachomatis serovars. Analogous to clinical infection, ascension of primary C. trachomatis infection into the mouse upper genital tract produced no obvious tissue damage. Clearance of ivag challenge infection was mediated by interferon (IFN)-γ-producing CD4+ T cells, while IFN-γ signaling blockade concomitant with a single ivag challenge promoted tissue damage by enhancing Chlamydia-specific TH17 immunity. Likewise, IFN-γ and IL-17 signaling blockade or CD4+ T cell depletion eliminated the genital pathology produced in untreated controls by multiple ivag challenge infections. Conversely, we were unable to detect formation of pathogen-specific TH2 immunity in C. trachomatis-infected mice. Together, our work revealed C. trachomatis infection of mice generates TH1 and TH17 immune responses that promote pathogen clearance and immunopathological tissue damage. Absence of Chlamydia-specific TH2 immunity in these mice newly highlights the need to identify experimental models of C. trachomatis genital infection that more closely recapitulate the human host response.

in vivo IFNγR neutralization
Folias, A. E., et al. (2014). "Aberrant innate immune activation following tissue injury impairs pancreatic regeneration" PLoS One 9(7): e102125. PubMed

Normal tissue architecture is disrupted following injury, as resident tissue cells become damaged and immune cells are recruited to the site of injury. While injury and inflammation are critical to tissue remodeling, the inability to resolve this response can lead to the destructive complications of chronic inflammation. In the pancreas, acinar cells of the exocrine compartment respond to injury by transiently adopting characteristics of progenitor cells present during embryonic development. This process of de-differentiation creates a window where a mature and stable cell gains flexibility and is potentially permissive to changes in cellular fate. How de-differentiation can turn an acinar cell into another cell type (such as a pancreatic beta-cell), or a cell with cancerous potential (as in cases of deregulated Kras activity) is of interest to both the regenerative medicine and cancer communities. While it is known that inflammation and acinar de-differentiation increase following pancreatic injury, it remains unclear which immune cells are involved in this process. We used a combination of genetically modified mice, immunological blockade and cellular characterization to identify the immune cells that impact pancreatic regeneration in an in vivo model of pancreatitis. We identified the innate inflammatory response of macrophages and neutrophils as regulators of pancreatic regeneration. Under normal conditions, mild innate inflammation prompts a transient de-differentiation of acinar cells that readily dissipates to allow normal regeneration. However, non-resolving inflammation developed when elevated pancreatic levels of neutrophils producing interferon-gamma increased iNOS levels and the pro-inflammatory response of macrophages. Pancreatic injury improved following in vivo macrophage depletion, iNOS inhibition as well as suppression of iNOS levels in macrophages via interferon-gamma blockade, supporting the impairment in regeneration and the development of chronic inflammation arises from aberrant activation of the innate inflammatory response. Collectively these studies identify targetable inflammatory factors that can be used to influence the development of non-resolving inflammation and pancreatic regeneration following injury.