InVivoMAb anti-mouse/human/rat osteopontin (SPP1)

Catalog #BE0382
Clone:
MPIIIB10
Reactivities:
Mouse, Human, Rat

$150.00 - $3,920.00

In stock
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Product Details

The MPIIIB10 monoclonal antibody is reported to react with rat, mouse and human osteopontin (OPN), although the immunogen used to generate the antibody was of rat origin. Osteopontin, also known as SPP1 is a secreted arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD)-containing glycoprotein that was originally isolated from bone. Osteopontin has been found in kidney, vascular tissues, biological fluids, and various tumor tissues. Osteopontin interacts with integrins and CD44 and regulates diverse biological processes including bone development, immune responses, and oncogenesis. Osteopontin is elevated in human colorectal cancer and is thought to function as an immune checkpoint. The MPIIIB10 antibody is a neutralizing antibody that has been shown to inhibit tumor growth and synergize with cell-based immunotherapeutic vaccines in mediating anti-tumor immunity.

Specifications

Isotype Mouse IgG1, κ
Recommended Isotype Control(s) InVivoMAb mouse IgG1 isotype control, unknown specificity
Recommended Dilution Buffer InVivoPure pH 7.0 Dilution Buffer
Immunogen Rat bone protein fractions
Reported Applications in vivo OPN neutralization
in vitro OPN neutralization
Immunohistochemistry (paraffin)
Western blot
Formulation PBS, pH 7.0
Contains no stabilizers or preservatives
Endotoxin <2EU/mg (<0.002EU/μg)
Determined by LAL gel clotting assay
Purity >95%
Determined by SDS-PAGE
Sterility 0.2 μM filtered
Production Purified from tissue culture supernatant in an animal free facility
Purification Protein G
Molecular Weight 150 kDa
Storage The antibody solution should be stored at the stock concentration at 4°C. Do not freeze.
in vitro OPN neutralization
Jeon, E. Y., et al. (2021). "A Pivotal Role for AP-1-Mediated Osteopontin Expression in the Increased Migration of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Stimulated With HMGB1" Front Physiol 12: 775464. PubMed

Migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays an essential role in the development of vascular remodeling in the injured vasculatures. Previous studies have identified high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) as a principal effector mediating vascular remodeling; however, the mechanisms involved have not been fully elucidated. Thus, this study investigated the role of HMGB1 on VSMC migration and the underlying molecular mechanisms involved. VSMCs were ex plant cultured using rat thoracic aorta, and the cellular migration was measured using wound-healing assay. Osteopontin (OPN) mRNA and protein were determined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot, respectively. The OPN promoter was cloned into pGL3 basic to generate a pLuc-OPN-2284 construct. Migration of VSMCs stimulated with HMGB1 (100ng/ml) was markedly increased, which was significantly attenuated in cells pretreated with MPIIIB10 (100-300ng/ml), a neutralizing monoclonal antibody for OPN as well as in cells deficient of OPN. In VSMCs stimulated with HMGB1, OPN mRNA and protein levels were significantly increased in association with an increased promotor activity of OPN gene. Putative-binding sites for activator protein 1 (AP-1) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) in the indicated promoter region were suggested by TF Search, and the HMGB1-induced expression of OPN was markedly attenuated in cells transfected with siRNA for AP-1. VSMC stimulated with HMGB1 also showed an increased expression of AP-1. Results of this study suggest a pivotal role for AP-1-induced OPN expression in VSMC migration induced by HMGB1. Thus, the AP-1-OPN signaling axis in VSMC might serve as a potential therapeutic target for vascular remodeling in the injured vasculatures.

in vivo OPN neutralization
Fatkhullina, A. R., et al. (2018). "An Interleukin-23-Interleukin-22 Axis Regulates Intestinal Microbial Homeostasis to Protect from Diet-Induced Atherosclerosis" Immunity 49(5): 943-957 e949. PubMed

Although commensal flora is involved in the regulation of immunity, the interplay between cytokine signaling and microbiota in atherosclerosis remains unknown. We found that interleukin (IL)-23 and its downstream target IL-22 restricted atherosclerosis by repressing pro-atherogenic microbiota. Inactivation of IL-23-IL-22 signaling led to deterioration of the intestinal barrier, dysbiosis, and expansion of pathogenic bacteria with distinct biosynthetic and metabolic properties, causing systemic increase in pro-atherogenic metabolites such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO). Augmented disease in the absence of the IL-23-IL-22 pathway was mediated in part by pro-atherogenic osteopontin, controlled by microbial metabolites. Microbiota transfer from IL-23-deficient mice accelerated atherosclerosis, whereas microbial depletion or IL-22 supplementation reduced inflammation and ameliorated disease. Our work uncovers the IL-23-IL-22 signaling as a regulator of atherosclerosis that restrains expansion of pro-atherogenic microbiota and argues for informed use of cytokine blockers to avoid cardiovascular side effects driven by microbiota and inflammation.

in vivo OPN neutralization
Kim, E. K., et al. (2014). "Tumor-derived osteopontin suppresses antitumor immunity by promoting extramedullary myelopoiesis" Cancer Res 74(22): 6705-6716. PubMed

Extramedullary myelopoiesis occurs commonly in tumor-bearing animals and is known to lead to accumulation of peripheral myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC), which play an important role in immune escape. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which tumors induce extramedullary myelopoiesis are poorly understood. In this study, we found that osteopontin expressed by tumor cells enhances extramedullary myelopoiesis in a CD44-dependent manner through the Erk1/2-MAPK pathway. Osteopontin-mediated extramedullary myelopoiesis was directly associated with increased MDSCs in tumor-bearing hosts. More importantly, osteopontin silencing in tumor cells delayed both tumor growth and extramedullary myelopoiesis, while the same treatment did not affect tumor growth in vitro. Finally, treatment with an antibody against osteopontin inhibited tumor growth and synergized with cell-based immunotherapeutic vaccines in mediating antitumor immunity. Our findings unveil a novel immunosuppressive role for tumor-derived osteopontin and offer a rationale for its therapeutic targeting in cancer treatment.

Immunohistochemistry (paraffin)
Ichikawa, H., et al. (2009). "Involvement of osteopontin as a core protein in cholesterol gallstone formation" J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 16(2): 197-203. PubMed

Matrix proteins are considered to be essential for biomineralization and to be important factors in the formation and growth of gallstones. Osteopontin (Opn) is a noncollagenous, acidic bone-matrix glycoprotein, which is sialated and phosphorylated and which has a cell-binding peptide sequence of glycine-arginine-glycine-aspartate-serine (GRGDS). To investigate the role of Opn in cholesterol gallstone formation, we have studied the involvement of Opn in cholesterol gallstone formation in the human gallbladder wall, in the stones, and in the mouse gallbladder using a gallstone experimental model. METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining was used in the human gallbladder wall and human gallstones and the determination of mRNA expression by reverse transcriptase-PCR was used in the mouse gallbladder of a gallstone experimental model. RESULTS: The epithelium of stone-laden gallbladders demonstrated high Opn reactivity, as did the core of the stones. Microscopically detected early stones without macroscopic evidence of lithiasis showed the same immunoreactivity as larger stones. Stone-laden gallbladders were infiltrated by macrophages showing intense Opn expression. In gallstone-forming mice, the expression of Opn mRNA and its protein were significantly increased in the gallbladder wall in the early phase of a lithogenic diet intake, before the initiation of inflammation. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that Opn is possibly involved as a core protein in the formation of cholesterol gallstones.

Immunohistochemistry (paraffin), Western Blot
Sahai, A., et al. (2004). "Upregulation of osteopontin expression is involved in the development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in a dietary murine model" Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 287(1): G264-273. PubMed

The pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is poorly defined. Feeding mice a diet deficient in methionine and choline (MCD diet) induces experimental NASH. Osteopontin (OPN) is a Th1 cytokine that plays an important role in several fibroinflammatory diseases. We examined the role of OPN in the development of experimental NASH. A/J mice were fed MCD or control diet for up to 12 wk, and serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), liver histology, oxidative stress, and the expressions of OPN, TNF-alpha, and collagen I were assessed at various time points. MCD diet-fed mice developed hepatic steatosis starting after 1 wk and inflammation by 2 wk; serum ALT increased from day 3. Hepatic collagen I mRNA expression increased during 1-4 wk, and fibrosis appeared at 8 wk. OPN protein expression was markedly increased on day 1 of MCD diet and persisted up to 8 wk, whereas OPN mRNA expression was increased at week 4. TNF-alpha expression was increased from day 3 to 2 wk, and evidence of oxidative stress did not appear until 8 wk. Increased expression of OPN was predominantly localized in hepatocytes. Hepatocytes in culture also produced OPN, which was stimulated by transforming growth factor-beta and TNF-alpha. Moreover, MCD diet-induced increases in serum ALT levels, hepatic inflammation, and fibrosis were markedly reduced in OPN(-/-) mice when compared with OPN(+/+) mice. In conclusion, our results demonstrate an upregulation of OPN expression early in the development of steatohepatitis and suggest an important role for OPN in signaling the onset of liver injury and fibrosis in experimental NASH.

in vivo OPN neutralization
Panzer, U., et al. (2001). "Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and osteopontin differentially regulate monocytes recruitment in experimental glomerulonephritis" Kidney Int 59(5): 1762-1769. PubMed

This study evaluated the mechanisms of monocyte/macrophage (M/M) infiltration in a rat model of anti-glomerular basement membrane glomerulonephritis (GN). We focused on chemokines and osteopontin, which are known regulators of M/M recruitment. METHODS: Using immunohistology, in situ hybridization, and Northern blotting, the expression levels of chemokines and osteopontin were evaluated in isolated glomeruli and tubules 4, 10, and 20 days after the induction of GN. In vivo blocking experiments were performed by application of neutralizing antibodies against osteopontin and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). RESULTS: In nephritic animals, high glomerular MCP-1 and RANTES (regulated upon activation normal T cell expressed and secreted) expression levels were observed on days 4 and 10. The tubular expression of MCP-1, however, was only slightly enhanced. In contrast, tubular osteopontin production was maximally stimulated (day 10) and paralleled with peaks of albuminuria and tubulointerstitial M/M infiltration. Application of an anti-osteopontin antibody ameliorated tubulointerstitial and glomerular M/M recruitment, whereas treatment with an anti-MCP-1 antibody selectively reduced glomerular M/M recruitment. However, tubulointerstitial M/M infiltration remained unchanged. CONCLUSION: These studies show that chemokines and osteopontin are differentially expressed in glomeruli and tubules in this model of GN. Chemokines play a primary role in the glomeruli, whereas osteopontin has a predominant role in tubulointerstitial M/M recruitment. The roles of chemokines and osteopontin may thus be dependent on the renal compartment and on the disease model.

Immunohistochemistry (paraffin)
Chabas, D., et al. (2001). "The influence of the proinflammatory cytokine, osteopontin, on autoimmune demyelinating disease" Science 294(5547): 1731-1735. PubMed

Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disease, characterized by inflammation in the brain and spinal cord, possibly due to autoimmunity. Large-scale sequencing of cDNA libraries, derived from plaques dissected from brains of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), indicated an abundance of transcripts for osteopontin (OPN). Microarray analysis of spinal cords from rats paralyzed by experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a model of MS, also revealed increased OPN transcripts. Osteopontin-deficient mice were resistant to progressive EAE and had frequent remissions, and myelin-reactive T cells in OPN-/- mice produced more interleukin 10 and less interferon-gamma than in OPN+/+ mice. Osteopontin thus appears to regulate T helper cell-1 (TH1)-mediated demyelinating disease, and it may offer a potential target in blocking development of progressive MS.