InVivoMAb anti-human CD326 (EpCAM)

Catalog #BE0386
Clone:
Ber-EP4
Reactivities:
Human

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Product Details

The Ber-EP4 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD326 also known as EpCAM (Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule). EpCAM is a 40-42 kDa cell-surface type 1 transmembrane glycoprotein expressed on most epithelial cells as well as a small subset of peripheral T cells, keratinocytes, Langerhans cells and thymic, lymph node, and splenic dendritic cells. CD326 mediates cell-cell adhesion and may function as a growth factor receptor. The Ber-EP4 antibody is useful to distinguish between cells of mesothelial and epithelial origin. It has been mainly used as a typical epithelial cell marker in colon cancer cell lines.

Specifications

Isotype Mouse IgG1, κ
Recommended Isotype Control(s) InVivoMAb mouse IgG1 isotype control, unknown specificity
Recommended Dilution Buffer InVivoPure pH 7.0 Dilution Buffer
Immunogen Human breast adenocarcinoma cell line MCF-7
Reported Applications Immunohistochemistry (paraffin)
Immunofluorescence
Flow cytometry
Immunoprecipitation
Formulation PBS, pH 7.0
Contains no stabilizers or preservatives
Endotoxin <2EU/mg (<0.002EU/μg)
Determined by LAL gel clotting assay
Purity >95%
Determined by SDS-PAGE
Sterility 0.2 µm filtration
Production Purified from tissue culture supernatant in an animal free facility
Purification Protein G
Molecular Weight 150 kDa
Storage The antibody solution should be stored at the stock concentration at 4°C. Do not freeze.
Immunohistochemistry (paraffin)
Schmelzer E, Pietrosi G, Gridelli B, Gerlach J. (2021). "Characterization of CD326-positive human hepatic stem cells" Clin Exp Hepatol 7(1):101-110. PubMed

Aim of the study: CD326 has been used as a single marker to enrich for hepatic stem cell populations in the liver. However, bile duct epithelium is also positive for CD326, which impedes the selection of pure hepatic stem cell populations. Some markers have been proposed to be co-expressed by hepatic stem cells but these have not been systematically compared. Therefore, we determined the percentages and compared the characteristics of human liver cells expressing potential stem cell surface markers.

Flow Cytometry
Yokota SJ, Facciponte JG, Kelleher RJ, Shultz LD, Loyall JL, Parsons RR, Odunsi K, Frelinger JG, Lord EM, Gerber SA, Balu-Iyer SV, Bankert RB. (2013). "Changes in ovarian tumor cell number, tumor vasculature, and T cell function monitored in vivo using a novel xenograft model" Cancer Immun 13:11. PubMed

Despite an initial response to chemotherapy, most patients with ovarian cancer eventually progress and succumb to their disease. Understanding why effector T cells that are known to infiltrate the tumor do not eradicate the disease after cytoreduction is critically important to the development of novel therapeutic strategies to augment tumor immunity and improve patient outcomes. Such studies have been hampered by the lack of a suitable in vivo model. We report here a simple and reliable model system in which ovarian tumor cell aggregates implanted intraperitoneally into severely immunodeficient NSG mice establish tumor microenvironments within the omentum. The rapid establishment of tumor xenografts within this small anatomically well-defined site enables the recovery, characterization, and quantification of tumor and tumor-associated T cells. We validate here the ability of the omental tumor xenograft (OTX) model to quantify changes in tumor cell number in response to therapy, to quantify changes in the tumor vasculature, and to demonstrate and study the immunosuppressive effects of the tumor microenvironment. Using the OTX model, we show that the tumor-associated T cells originally present within the tumor tissues are anergic and that fully functional autologous T cells injected into tumor-bearing mice localize within the tumor xenograft. The transferred T cells remain functional for up to 3 days within the tumor microenvironment but become unresponsive to activation after 7 days. The OTX model provides for the first time the opportunity to study in vivo the cellular and molecular events contributing to the arrest in T cell function in human ovarian tumors.

Immunofluorescence
Cross SE, Jin YS, Lu QY, Rao J, Gimzewski JK. (2011). "Green tea extract selectively targets nanomechanics of live metastatic cancer cells" Nanotechnology 22(21):215101. PubMed

Green tea extract (GTE) is known to be a potential anticancer agent (Yang et al 2009 Nat. Rev. Cancer 9 429-39) with various biological activities (Lu et al 2005 Clin. Cancer Res. 11 1675-83; Yang et al 1998 Carcinogenesis 19 611-6) yet the precise mechanism of action is still unclear. The biomechanical response of GTE treated cells taken directly from patient's body samples was measured using atomic force microscopy (AFM) (Binnig et al 1986 Phys. Rev. Lett. 56 930). We found significant increase in stiffness of GTE treated metastatic tumor cells, with a resulting value similar to untreated normal mesothelial cells, whereas mesothelial cell stiffness after GTE treatment is unchanged. Immunofluorescence analysis showed an increase in cytoskeletal-F-actin in GTE treated tumor cells, suggesting GTE treated tumor cells display mechanical, structural and morphological features similar to normal cells, which appears to be mediated by annexin-I expression, as determined by siRNA analysis of an in vitro cell line model. Our data indicates that GTE selectively targets human metastatic cancer cells but not normal mesothelial cells, a finding that is significantly advantageous compared to conventional chemotherapy agents.

Flow Cytometry
Stimpfl M, Schmid BC, Schiebel I, Tong D, Leodolter S, Obermair A, Zeillinger R. (1999). "Expression of mucins and cytokeratins in ovarian cancer cell lines" Cancer Lett 145(1-2):133-41. PubMed

The expression pattern of the epithelial cell markers MUC1 (CA15-3, EMA), CA125 (OC125), human epithelial antigen HEA (Ber-EP4) and cytokeratins (Ck7, Ck8, Ck7/8, Ck8/18/19) was studied in seven human ovarian cancer cell lines. We analyzed the cell lines by immunofluorescence to determine the surface as well as cytoplasmic expression. Furthermore, we evaluated the mRNA expression of MUC1, Ck18 and Ck19 by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). All cell lines were positive for MUC1. However, expression patterns and staining intensity depended on the different epitope-specific antibodies. CA125, a typical serum marker for ovarian carcinomas, was positive only in two cell lines. HEA was strongly positive in three cell lines, whereas the others expressed the antigen only weakly in the cytoplasm. Ck7 was not expressed in three of the seven cell lines. Ck7/8 was detectable in all cell lines and was strongly expressed in four of them. MUC1 mRNA was expressed by all cell lines as detected by RT-PCR. These findings permit selection of a suitable marker for the detection of disseminated ovarian cancer cells.

Immunohistochemistry (paraffin), Immunoprecipitation
Latza U, Niedobitek G, Schwarting R, Nekarda H, Stein H (1990). "Ber-EP4: new monoclonal antibody which distinguishes epithelia from mesothelial" J Clin Pathol 43(3):213-9.. (1990). "Ber-EP4: new monoclonal antibody which distinguishes epithelia from mesothelial" J Clin Pathol 43(3):213-9. PubMed

A new monoclonal antibody, Ber-EP4, directed against a partially formol resistant epitope on the protein moiety of two 34 kilodalton and 39 kilodalton glycopolypeptides on human epithelial cells is described. Immunostaining of a wide range of normal and neoplastic human tissues and cell lines showed that all carcinomas and all non-neoplastic epithelial cells, except hepatocytes, parietal cells, and apical cell layers in squamous epithelia, homogeneously expressed Ber-EP4 antigen. As Ber-EP4 does not detect any normal or neoplastic non-epithelial cells, this antibody might prove valuable for the differentiation of the following (i) non-epithelial tumours from undifferentiated carcinomas; (ii) hepatocytes from bile duct cells in certain liver diseases; (iii) mesothelial cells from carcinoma cells in lung biopsy specimens; and (iv) reactive mesothelial cells from carcinoma cells in smears of serous effusions.